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Makna Simbolik dalam Konteks Komunikasi Antar Budaya (Kajian Fenomenologi Terhadap Seni Bela Diri Taekwondo) | Nelly | Koneksi ojs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: fopen(/home/journal1/public_html/cache/fc-keywords_en_US-35.php): failed to open stream: Disk quota exceeded In file: /home/journal1/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/cache/FileCache.inc.php At line: 86 Stacktrace: Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.30 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 10.1.28-MariaDB
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Makna Simbolik dalam Konteks Komunikasi Antar Budaya (Kajian Fenomenologi Terhadap Seni Bela Diri Taekwondo)

Rachel Nelly, Sinta Paramita

Abstract


Korea Selatan memiliki beragam bentuk kebudayaan dari bahasa sampai dengan kesenian. Salah satu kebudayaan dari Korea Selatan yang terkenal dan diminati dunia adalah seni bela diri Taekwondo. Di dalam seni bela diri Taekwondo terdapat berbagai simbol yang memiliki makna didalamnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui makna yang terdapat pada simbol-simbol dalam seni bela diri Taekwondo khususnya di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan konsep komunikasi antar budaya dan teori makna simbolik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metodologi pendekatan penelitian kualitatif bersifat deskriptif, dengan penjaringan data fenomenologi. Teknik analisis data secara kualitataif yang digunakan di penelitian ini adalah dengan melakukan observasi dan wawancara. Berdasarkan hasil wawancara penulis mendapatkan data mengenai prosesi yang dilakukan pada saat akan latihan Taekwondo, terdapat tiga prosesi dari pembukaan, latihan intensif, dan penutup. Kemudian penulis juga mendapatkan simbol-simbol yang terdapat pada seni bela diri Taekwondo yaitu kata-kata terucap berupa teriakan, hitungan, panggilan, dan penggunaan bahasa Korea, objek berupa seragam latihan, sabuk, dan pelindung, gerak tubuh berupa gerakan membungkukkan badan, berdiam diri dan gerakan teknik, tempat latihan, dan peristiwa ujian kenaikan tingkat. Dapat disimpulkan terdapat makna yang terkandung dari simbol-simbol tersebut yakni  pembentukan diri yang dipengaruhi oleh nilai moral, nilai sosial, nilai budaya, dan nilai agama bagi setiap orang yang terlibat langsung di dalam suatu fenomena budaya berupa seni bela diri Taekwondo.

Keywords


Seni Bela Diri; Taekwondo; Makna Simbolik; Komunikasi Antar Budaya

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24912/kn.v2i2.3933