Pengaruh LMX dan Teamwork terhadap Kinerja Karyawan di PT XYZ

Donny Sutanto Tan, Eko Harry Susanto
| Abstract views: 192 | views: 160


Organization consists of many or several people. A leader is required to direct, instruct, be a place to ask questions and be examples for subordinates. Leader is an essential-elements in organization. According to LMX theory, a leader shows more inclusive and communicative attitude toward certain members only. The LMX theory emphasizes on the quality of relationships between leaders and members in organization. Organization has variety of processes that require the parties to work together to achieve goals. The company assigns working teams for higher effectiveness can be achieved by teamwork. Teamwork can improve employee performance and has a positive influence in all dimensions of employee performance. This research observes the employees−superiors interaction level, teamwork level and performance based on LMX−teamwork variables. Using quantitative method and likert scale questionnaire unto 82 samples of 103 populations. Result shows that: [1] LMX concepts was applied in the company; [2] the lack of teamwork within the company; [3] The ability of LMX and Teamwork to affect performance is 53.1%; [4] LMX’s coefficient value of 0.730 indicates a positive relationship between LMX and performance. Teamwork’s coefficient value of -0.004 indicates a negative relationship toward Performance. [5] LMX has significant effect for performance; Teamwork has no effect on performance; LMX and Teamwork altogether give a significant influence on Performance.


Organization; Leadership; Leader Member Exchange (LMX); Teamwork; Performance

Full Text:



Agwu, M. O. (2015). Teamwork and employee performance in the Bonny Nigeria liquefied natural gas plant. Strategic Management Quarterly, 3(4), 39-60. ISSN: 2372-4951.

Arumsari, A. L. (2014). Pengaruh profesionalisme auditor, independensi auditor, etika profesi, budaya organisasi, dan gaya kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja auditor pada kantor akuntan publik di Bali. Tesis Pasca Sarjana. Denpasar: Universitas UDAYANA.

Bauer, T. N. & Erdogan, B. (2015). Oxford Library of Psychology, The Oxford Handbook of Leader-Member Exchange. Oxford University Press.

Berdicchia, D. (2015). The relationship between KMX and performance: the mediating role of role breadth self efficacy and crafting challenging job demands. Impresa Progetto Journal of Management.

Breevaart, K., et al. (2015). Leader-member exchange, work engagement, and job performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30(7), 754 – 770. http://dx. doi. org/10. 1108/JMP-03-2013-0088

Burns-Glover, A., & Veith, D. (1995). Revisiting gender and teaching evaluations: sex still makes a difference. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 10, 69-80.

Daft, R. L. (2011). Leadership. South-Western Cengage Learning. ISBN: 0538468289, 9780538468282.

Delarue, A., et al. (2007). Teamworking and organizational performance: a review of survey-based research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10(2), 127–148.

Deluga, R. J., & Perry, J. T. (1994). The role of subordinate performance and ingratiation in leader–member exchanges. Group and Organization Management, 19, 67–86.

Deluga, R. J. (1998). Leader–member exchange quality and effectiveness ratings. Group and Organization Management, 23, 189–216.

Dose, J. J. (1999). The relationship between work values similarity and team member and leader-member exchange relationships. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, & Practice, 3, 20-32.

Goertzen, B. J. & Fritz, S. M. (2011). Does sex of dyad member really matter? a review of leader-member exchange. Journal of Leadership Education, 3(2), 3-18.

Green, S. G., Anderson, S. E., & Shivers, S.L. (1996). Demographic and organizational influences on leader-member exchange and related work attitudes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 66, 203-214.

Kacmar, K. M., Zivnuska, S., & White, C. D. (2007). Control and exchange: the impact of work environment on the work effort of low relationship quality employee leadership. Q, 18, 69–84.

Kinicki, A. J., & Vecchio, R. P. (1994). Influences on The Quality of Supervisor–Subordinate Relations: The Role of Time-Pressure, Organizational Commitment, and Locus of Control. DOI: 10.1002/job.4030150108.

Lunenburg, F. C. (2010). Communication: The Process, Barriers, and Improving Effectiveness. Sam Houston State University: Schooling Volume 1, Number 1.

Mackall, J. (2009). Career Skills Library Teamwork Skills (3rd ed.). Infobase Publishing.

Manzoor, R. S., et al. (2011). Effect of teamwork on employee performance. International Journal of Learning & Development, 1(1). ISSN 2164-4063.

Mathis, R. L. & Jackson, J. H. (2003). Human Resource Management (10th ed.). United Stated of America: Thomson South Western.

Michael, D. F. (2014). The impact of leader-member exchange, supportive supervisor communication, affective commitment, and role ambiguity on bank employees’ turnover intentions and performance. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(7).

Mulyono, M. H., Hamzah, A., & Abdulah, Z. (2013). Faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kinerja perawat di rumah sakit tingkat III 16. 06. 01 Ambon. Jurnal AKK, 2(1), 18- 26.

Murphy, S.E., & Ensher, E.A. (1999). The effects of leader and subordinate characteristics in the development of leader-member exchange quality. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29,1371-1394.

Mykletun, R., Mathisen, G. E., & Einarsen, S. (2012). Creative Leaders Promote Create Organizations. Scopus International of Manpower. ISSN: 0143-7720.

Nelson, B. & Economy, P. (2005). The Management Bible. Nelson Motivation, Inc. & Peter Economy, Inc.

Pace, R. W. & Faules, D. F. (2013). Komunikasi Organisasi Strategi Meningkatkan Kinerja Perusahaan (8th ed.). Bandung: PT. Remaja Roasdakarya.

Phillips, A. S. & Bedeian, A. G. (1994). The Academy of Management Journal, 37(4), 990-1001.

Rezania, D. & Gurney, R. (2014). Building Successful Student-

Athlete Coach Relationships: Examining Coaching Practices and Commitment to The Coach. SpringerPlus 20143:383. DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-3-383.

Rivai, V. (2013). Pemimpin dan Kepemimpinan dalam Organisasi. PT. Rajagrafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Shirazi, A., Nikkar, A. & Jafaripour, A. (2014). Mediating role of organizational justice in the relationship between leader-member exchange and employees' attitudinal outcomes. International Journal of Management and Humanity Sciences, 3(7), 2599-2608. Available online at http://www. ijmhsjournal. com. ISSN 2322-424X©2014.

Steiner, D. (1988). Value perceptions in leader-member exchange. Journal of Social Psychology, 128, 611-618.

Subkhi, A., & Jauhar, M. (2013). Pengantar Teori dan Perilaku. Organisasi. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka.

Wayne, S. J., Liden, R. C., & Sparrowe, R. T. (1994). Developing leader member exchanges: The influence of gender and ingratiation. American Behavioral Scientist, 37, 697-714.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.