Sekuritisasi Data Sensor Pada Aplikasi Internet of Things (IoT) Dengan Menggunakan Blockchain Ethereum Di Jaringan Testnet

Joni Fat, Henry Candra, Wiliam Wiliam
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Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain are two technologies which are pioneer nowadays and in the future. IoT become pioneer because our goverment sets Industrial Revolution 4.0 which signifies the IoT technology. For blockchain, it is a technology which has a significant development. These two technologies have a good future. The innovation in this design is combining these two technologies. IoT has a problem in securitization, but blockchain has an advantage in security. So, by combining these technologies, the problem could be resolved. This design used microcontroller ESP32. It will collect three data sets, i.e. altitude, pressure and temperature. The data will be sent through Internet to Ethereum blockchain network in Ropsten TestNet. The Data will store in state variables. Twenty data have been sent and tested. The data has been verified to be stored in Ethereum Virtual Machine because the data could be verified through etherscan.io. So, the conclusion is this design could prove that blockchain could be used to data securitization in IoT.

 

Internet of Things (IoT) dan blockchain merupakan dua teknologi yang akan menjadi pioneer saat ini dan di masa mendatang. Pioneer saat ini karena pemerintah menetapkan Revolusi Industri 4.0 yang salah satu titik beratnya adalah IoT. Untuk blockchain, saat ini merupakan teknologi yang mengalami perkembangan signifikan. Kedua teknologi ini menjanjikan. Salah satu hal yang dapat menjadi inovasi adalah menggabungkan keduanya. IoT memiliki permasalahan pada sekuriti, sedangkan blockchain memiliki keunggulan dalam hal sekuriti. Dengan demikian, menggunakan teknologi blockchain untuk aplikasi IoT akan menjadi solusi. Alat yang dirancang menggunakan mikrokontroler ESP32. Alat ini akan mengakuisis data dari tiga buah sensor, yaitu sensor ketinggian, tekanan dan suhu. Data-data ini dikirim melalui Internet ke jaringan blockchain Ethereum di TestNet Ropsten. Data tersebut akan disimpan di state variables. Dua puluh data dikirim dan berhasil disimpan di Ethereum Virtual Machine. Ini terbukti dengan setiap data yang dikirim dapat divalidasi dan terekam di etherscan.io. Dengan demikian, perancangan alat ini berhasil membuktikan bahwa IoT dapat menggunakan blockchain untuk sekuritisasi data.

 

Keywords

lockchain; ethereum; ESP32; IoT; securitization blockchain; ethereum; ESP32; IoT; sekuritisasi

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