PELANGGARAN UU DAN ATURAN PEMBEBASAN TANAH RUAS TOL MANADO-BITUNG 2 DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP HAK EKOSOBLING & MODAL SOSIAL PEMILIK TANAH

Pieter George Manoppo
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami bagaimana pelanggaran UU dfan Aturan pembebasan tanah jalan tol
terhadap hak ekosobling pemilik hak di Sulawesi Utara. Riset menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode
riset tindakan. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik in-depth interview, observasi, studi dokumenter, FGD, dan
desain advokasi non lititgasi. Hasil studi membuktikan telah terjadi pelanggaran UU dan Aturan terhadap
penegakkan dan pemajuan hak Ekosobling pemilik hak atau masyarakat korban. Pertama, terbukti pelanggaran UU
dan Aturan Pembebasan Tanah, dalam bentuk. 1) pelaksanaan inventarisasi dan identifikasi berupa hasil peta bidang
dan daftar nominative; 2) perhitungan nilai ganti kerugian tidak berdasar harga pasar, tetapi di bawah NJOP; 3)
pelaksanaan musyawarah tidak mencerminkan azas transparansi; 4) penggunaan tangan pengadilan untuk negosiasi
hasil konsinyasi dan mengabaikan azas musyawarah. Kedua, bentuk pelanggaran yang ditemukan berdampak pada
destruksi penegakkan dan pemajuan hak ekosobling (ekonomi, sosial, budaya dan lingkungan) serta modal sosial
pemilik hak atau masyarakat korban. Merujuk pada temuan hasil studi tersebut, Forum Masyarakat Korban sebagai
wadah pemberdayaan dan aspirasi komunitas pemilik hak, mendesain dan melakukan serangkaian advokasi non-
litigasi tanpa kekerasan yang disasarkan kepada: 1) Jajaran Pemerintah Pusat: Kantor Staf Presiden (KSP) dan
Kementerian Koordinator Politik, Hukum dan HAM (Kemenko Polhukam); 2) Pemerintah Daerah, yakni: Panitia
Pembebasan Tanah Jalan Tol Manado-Bitung; Pemerintah Kota Bitung; Pemerintah Provinsi Sulawesi Utara; dan
Kejaksaan Kota Bitung.

Keywords

Hak Ekosobling, UU dan Aturan Pembebasan Tanah, Proyek Jalan Tol, Komunitas Korban Pemilik Hak, Advokasi Non Litigasi.

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