Pengaruh Efikasi Diri Kewirausahaan, Dukungan Sosial, dan Dukungan Edukasi terhadap Intensi Kewirausahaan Sosial pada Mahasiswa Perguruan Tinggi di Jakarta

Bella Carissa Marco, Frangky Selamat
| Abstract views: 71 | views: 58

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji secara empiris terkait pengaruh efikasi diri kewirausahaan, dukungan sosial dan dukungan edukasi terhadap intensi kewirausahaan sosial. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dan menggunakan kuesioner untuk pengumpulan data. Jumlah sampel yang diperoleh dengan metode convenience sampling adalah sebanyak 372 mahasiswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis data Structural Equation Modeling – Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel efikasi diri kewirausahaan dan dukungan sosial memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap intensi kewirausahaan sosial. Variabel dukungan edukasi memiliki pengaruh positif yang lemah dan tidak signifikan terhadap intensi kewirausahaan sosial.

 

This study aims to empirically examine the effect of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, social support and educational support on social entrepreneurial intentions. The research design used was quantitative research and used a questionnaire for data collection. The number of samples obtained by the convenience sampling method amounted to 372 students. This study uses Structural Equation Modeling – Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) as the data analysis techniques. The results showed that entrepreneurial self-efficacy and social support variables had a positive and significant effect on social entrepreneurial intentions. The educational support variable has a weakly positive and insignificant effect on social entrepreneurship intentions.

Keywords

efikasi diri kewirausahaan; dukungan sosial; dukungan edukasi; intensi kewirausahaan sosial; entrepreneurial self-efficacy; social support; educational support; social entrepreneurial intentions

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211.

Akhter, A., Hossain, M. U., & Asheq, A. A. (2020). Influential factors of social entrepreneurial intention in Bangladesh. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business, 7(8), 645-651.

Alvarez-Torres, F.J., Lopez-Torres, G.C. and Schiuma, G. (2019). Linking entrepreneurial orientation to SMEs’ performance: Implications for entrepreneurship universities. Management Decision, 57(12), 3364-3386.

A’yun, A. Q., & Karmila, L. (2017). Penerapan ekonomi islam sebagai solusi mengatasi kesenjangan sosial. Proceeding of national conference on asbis, 2(1), 34-40.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy (The Exercise of Control). W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.

Chahine, T. (2016). Introduction to social entrepreneurship.

Chien-Chi, C., Sun, B., Yang, H., Zheng, M. and Li, B. (2020). Emotional competence, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention: A study based on China college students’ social entrepreneurship project. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(547627), 1-13.

Daud, K. A. M., Khidzir, N. Z., Ismail, A. R., & Abdullah, F. A. (2018). Validity and reliability of instrument to measure social media skills among small and medium entrepreneurs at Pengkalan Datu River. International Journal of Development and sustainability, 7(3), 1026-1037.

de Souza Bido, Diógenes, & da Silva, Dirceu (2019). SmartPLS 3: Specification, Estimation, Evaluation and Reporting. Administração: Ensino e Pesquisa, 20(2), 488-536.

Etikan, I., Musa, S. A., & Alkassim, R. S. (2016). Comparison of convenience sampling and purposive sampling. American journal of theoretical and applied statistics, 5(1), 1-4.

Ghalwash, S., Tolba, A., & Ismail, A. (2017). What motivates social entrepreneurs to start social ventures?: An exploratory study in the context of a developing economy. Social Enterprise Journal, 13(3), 268-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/SEJ-05-2016-0014.

Hair J.F., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L. and G. Kuppelwieser, V. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM): An emerging tool in business research. European Business Review, 26(2), 106-121.

Hair, J.F., Risher, J.J., Sarstedt, M. and Ringle, C.M. (2019). When to use and how to report the results of PLS-SEM. European Business Review, 31(1), 2-24.

Hockerts, K. (2017). Determinants of social entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41(1), 105-130.

Hossain, M. U. (2021). Relationship between individual characteristics and social entrepreneurial intention: evidence from Bangladesh. Business and Economics Research Journal, 12(2), 385-397.

Irwan, I., & Adam, K. (2015). Metode partial least square (PLS) dan terapannya (Studi kasus: analisis kepuasan pelanggan terhadap layanan PDAM unit camming kab. Bone). Teknosains: Media Informasi Sains dan Teknologi, 9(1), 53-68.

Jiang, H., Xiong, W., & Cao, Y. (2017). Research on the mechanism of entrepreneurial education quality, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention in social sciences, engineering and science education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(7), 3709-3721.

Kamis, A. (2021). The SmartPLS analyzes approach in validity and reliability of graduate marketability instrument. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 12(3), 829-841.

Kruse, P., Wach, D., Costa, S., & Moriano, J. A. (2018). Values matter, don’t they? – combining theory of planned behavior and personal values as predictors of social entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 10(1), 1–29.

Kusmintarti, A., Riwajanti, N. I., & Asdani, A. (2017). Sikap kewirausahaan memediasi pengaruh pendidikan kewirausahaan terhadap intensi kewirausahaan. Jurnal Riset dan Aplikasi: Akuntansi dan Manajemen, 2(4), 45-54.

Leal Filho, W., Tripathi, S. K., Andrade Guerra, J. B. S. O. D., Giné-Garriga, R., Orlovic Lovren, V., & Willats, J. (2019). Using the sustainable development goals towards a better understanding of sustainability challenges. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 26(2), 179-190.

Mair, J., & Noboa, E. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: How intentions to create a social venture are formed. In Social entrepreneurship (pp. 121-135). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Mohajan, H. K. (2017). Two criteria for good measurements in research: Validity and reliability. Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, 17(4), 59-82.

Mulyana, N. (2017). Pelayanan sosial bagi keluarga yang mengalami perubahan sosial. Prosiding Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, 4(1), 45-52.

Musabiq, S. A., Geshica, L., Karimah, I., & Mulyaningrum, V. A. (2017). Personality trait dan perceived social support pada mahasiswa. Jurnal Psikologi Klinis Indonesia, 1(1), 18-29.

Nathanael, D., & Nuringsih, K. (2020). Social support, personality traits, social innovation memengaruhi intensi kewirausahaan sosial: Entrepreneurial attitude sebagai mediasi. Jurnal Manajerial dan Kewirausahaan, 2(1), 33-42. https://doi.org/10.24912/jmk.v2i1.7422

Ndou, Valentina. (2021). Social entrepreneurship education: A combination of knowledge exploitation and exploration processes. Administrative Sciences, 11(4), 1-16.

Nurhayati, R., Farradinna, S., & Nugroho, S. (2019). Efikasi diri dan dukungan sosial keluarga memprediksi minat berwirausaha pada mahasiswa. Proyeksi: Jurnal Psikologi, 14(2), 151-161.

Osiri, J. K., Kungu, K., & Dilbeck, M. (2019). Predictors of entrepreneurial intentions and social entrepreneurial intentions: a look at proactive personality, self-efficacy and creativity. Journal of Business Diversity, 19(1), 42-52.

Perneger, T. V., Courvoisier, D. S., Hudelson, P. M., & Gayet-Ageron, A. (2014). Sample size for pre-tests of questionnaires. Quality of Life Research, 24(1), 147–151.

Sahban, M. A., Ramalu, S. S., & Syahputra, R. (2016). The influence of social support on entrepreneurial inclination among business students in Indonesia. Information Management and Business Review, 8(3), 32-46.

Santoso, D. A., & Selamat, F. (2019). Pengaruh dukungan universitas dan sikap proaktif terhadap intensi kewirausahaan mahasiswa di Jakarta. Jurnal Manajerial Dan Kewirausahaan, 1(3), 401-410. https://doi.org/10.24912/jmk.v1i3.5340

Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., & Hair, J. F. (2017). Partial least squares structural equation modeling. Handbook of market research, 26(1), 1-40.

Saunders. M., Lewis. P., and Thornhill. A. (2016). Research Method for Business Students (7th ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited.

Sekaran. U., & Bougie. R. (2016). Research Methods for Business: A skill building approach (7th ed.). Chicester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons.

Seyoum, B., Chinta, R. and Mujtaba, B.G. (2021). Social support as a driver of social entrepreneurial intentions: the moderating roles of entrepreneurial education and proximity to the US small business administration. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 28(3), 337-359.

Showkat, N., & Parveen, H. (2017). Non-probability and probability sampling. Media and Communications Study, 1-9.

Solomon, G.T., Alabduljader, N. and Ramani, R.S. (2019). Knowledge management and social entrepreneurship education: lessons learned from an exploratory two-country study. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(10), 1984-2006.

Taftazani, B. M. (2017). Masalah sosial dan wirausaha sosial. Share: Social Work Journal, 7(1), 90-101.

Taherdoost, H. (2017). Determining sample size; how to calculate survey sample size. International Journal of Economics and Management Systems, 2, 237-239.

Tiwari, P., Bhat, A. K., & Tikoria, J. (2017). The role of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy on social entrepreneurial attitudes and social entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 8(2), 165–185.

Tirtayasa, S., Khair, H., & Yusri, M. (2021). Influence of education of entrepreneurship, self efficacy, locus of control and entrepreneurs characters of enterprises (the study case is all the students of private university in Medan). Indonesian Journal of Education, Social Sciences and Research (IJESSR), 2(2), 53-64.

Tomislav, K. (2018). The concept of sustainable development: From its beginning to the contemporary issues. Zagreb International Review of Economics & Business, 21(1), 67-94.

Tran, A. T., & Von Korflesch, H. (2016). A conceptual model of social entrepreneurial intention based on the social cognitive career theory. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Tran, T. P. A. (2018). Social entrepreneurial intention: An empirical study in Vietnam (Doctoral dissertation, Universität Koblenz-Landau).

Turker, D., and Selcuk, S. S. (2009). Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of university students? Journal of European Industrial Training, 33(2), 142-159.

Zhang, Y., Trusty, J., Goroshnikova, T., Kelly, L., Kwong, K.K., McGuire, S.J.J., Perusquia, J., Prabhu, V.P., Shen, M. and Tang, R. (2021). Millennial social entrepreneurial intent and social entrepreneurial self-efficacy: a comparative entrepreneurship study. Social Enterprise Journal, 17(1), 20-43.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajerial Dan Kewirausahaan
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.