Digital Ethics: The Use of Social Media in Gen Z Glasses

Fauzan Abdillah, Guruh Marhaenis Handoko Putro
| Abstract views: 69 | views: 41

Abstract

This study is about digital ethics among Generation Z in the city of Surabaya, facing the era of digitalization and society 5.0 with various challenges on various social media platforms, so that it is expected to be more ethical, optimal and safe. One of the objectives of this study is to determine the response of Generation Z toward hoax information by using generation z digital literacy skills and digital ethics owned by generation z in the city of Surabaya. The problem being faced in this study is the amount of hoax news on social media that can affect the mindset and digital ethics of Generation Z. The method used is quantitative with data collection techniques by distributing data through a Google Form questionnaire and using information from previous literature, journals, online media and books. The results of the study reveal that the use of social media by Generation Z is in accordance with good digital ethics such as using social media to upload photos, send messages and for school and lecture activities. Generation Z also uses social media to see the latest information. However, if there is hoax news, Generation Z tends to check the truth. As a theoretical perspective a theory of uses and gratifications on digital media use to reveal this phenomenon.

Keywords

digital ethics; digital literacy; generation z; use of social media

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adam. (2020, April). Kominfo: penyebar hoaks covid-19 diancam sanksi kurungan dan denda 1 miliar. Kominfo.go.id. https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/25923/kominfo-penyebar-hoaks-covid-19-diancam-sanksi-kurungan-dan-denda-1-miliar/0/virus_corona

Aida, N., & Sukamto, B. (2020). Hoax as a crime in electronic transmission (case of information and hate speeches). 525–528. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201017.116

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2021). Milenial dan gen z “kuasai” Surabaya. Pressreader.com. https://www.pressreader.com/indonesia/jawa-pos/20210210/282093459432382

Bahri, S. (2021). Literasi digital menangkal hoaks covid-19 di media sosial. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi (JKMS), 10(1), 16–28. https://jkms.ejournal.unri.ac.id/index.php/JKMS/article/view/7452

Febriyani, C. (2021, September 22). Warganet harus tahu, ini pentingnya menerapkan etika di internet. Industry.co.id. https://www.industry.co.id/read/93702/warganet-harus-tahu-ini-pentingnya-menerapkan-etika-di-internet

Girsang, C. N., & Kartikawangi, D. (2021). Two-way symmetrical communication pattern: company strategy to build engagement through social media. Jurnal Komunikasi, 13(2), 271–286. https://doi.org/10.24912/jk.v13i2.11191

Harisanty, D. (2021). Literacy for covid-19 information in Indonesian society. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-Journal), May.

Ichwani, T., Damayanti, A., & Rianto. (2019). Hate speech and hoax phenomenons in Indonesia’s social media: utilization in getting company profits. Asian Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 1(2), 17–27. http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ajbs/article/view/7575

Juditha, C. (2018). Interaksi komunikasi hoax di media sosial serta antisipasinya. Journal Pekommas, 3(1), 31–34.

Jupriono, D., Andayani, A., & Pramono, B. S. (2021). Penyuluhan literasi media digital: menangkal berita hoax dengan humor. ABDI MASSA: Jurnal Pengabdian Nasional, 01(02), 40–48.

Karunia H, H., Ashri, N., & Irwansyah, I. (2021). Fenomena penggunaan media sosial : studi pada teori uses and gratification. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Sistem Informasi Bisnis, 3(1), 92–104. https://doi.org/10.47233/jteksis.v3i1.187

Katz, E., Blumler, J. G., & Gurevitch, M. (1974). Utilization of mass communication by the individual. The Uses of Mass Communications: Current Perspectives on Gratifications Research, 37(4), 509–532.

Kominfo. (2018). Angka penggunaan media sosial orang Indonesia tinggi, potensi konflik juga amat besar. Kominfo.go.id. https://www.kominfo.go.id/content/detail/14136/angka-penggunaan-media-sosial-orang-indonesia-tinggi-potensi-konflik-juga-amat-besar/0/sorotan_media

Kubheka, B. Z. (2020). Bioethics and the use of social media for medical crowdfunding. BMC Medical Ethics, 21(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-020-00521-2

Lamprou, E., Antonopoulos, N., Anomeritou, I., & Apostolou, C. (2021). Characteristics of fake news and misinformation in greece: the rise of new crowdsourcing-based journalistic fact-checking models. Journalism and

Media, 2(3), 417–439. https://doi.org/10.3390/journalmedia2030025

Lesmanah, U., Sugiono, & Hayat. (2020). Pembuatan konten tulisan positif di media sosial sebagai komunikasi preventif dan kontribusi mahasiswa dalam menangkal hoax. Jurnal BUDIMAS, 02(01), 134–141.

Mardika, I. P., & Wulandari, N. P. A. D. (2021). Peran media sosial dalam pemberitaan hoax pasca covid 19. 1(2), 153–163. https://jkms.ejournal.unri.ac.id/index.php/JKMS/article/view/7452

Mazrieva, E. (2021). Netizen Indonesia dinilai tak beradab, pakar serukan pemerintah atur perusahaan medsos. Voaindonesia.com. https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/netizen-indonesia-dinilai-tak-beradab-pakar-serukan-pemerintah-atur-perusahaan-medsos/5794408.html

Ningsih, W. L. (2021). Jumlah penduduk Indonesia 2020 berdasarkan komposisi usia. Kompas.com. https://www.kompas.com/stori/read/2021/05/19/123946879/jumlah-penduduk-indonesia-2020-berdasarkan-komposisi-usia

Pakpahan, R. (2017). Analisis fenomena hoax diberbagai media. Konferensi Nasional Ilmu Sosial & Teknologi (KNiST), 1(2013), 479–484. http://seminar.bsi.ac.id/knist/index.php/UnivBSI/article/view/184

Parhan, M., Jenuri, & Islamy, M. R. F. (2021). Media sosial dan fenomena Hoax: tinjauan islam dalam etika bekomunikasi. Communicatus: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 5(1), 59–80. https://doi.org/10.15575/cjik.v5i1.12887

Park, K., & Rim, H. (2020). “Click first!”: the effects of instant activism via a hoax on social media. Social Media and Society, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120904706

Pradhana, Y. (2021). Utilization of virtual community as a communication media for pokemon go game group ( JPR ) using social media. Jurnal Komunikasi, 13(2), 200–214.

Priambodo, G. A. (2019). Urgensi literasi media sosial dalam menangkal ancaman Berita hoax di kalangan remaja. Jurnal Civic Hukum, 4(2), 130–137.

Pusparisa, Y. (2021). Gen-Z paling banyak sebar berita di media sosial tanpa verifikasi. Databoks.Katadata.co.id. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/02/01/gen-z-paling-banyak-sebar-berita-di-media-sosial-tanpa-verifikasi

Rahmadhany, A., Aldila Safitri, A., & Irwansyah, I. (2021). Fenomena penyebaran hoax dan hate speech pada media sosial. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Sistem Informasi Bisnis, 3(1), 30–43. https://doi.org/10.47233/jteksis.v3i1.182

Rawanoko, E. S., Komalasari, K., Al-Muchtar, S., & Bestari, P. (2021). The use of social media in ethic digital perspective. Jurnal Civics: Media Kajian Kewarganegaraan, 18(1), 148–157. https://doi.org/10.21831/jc.v18i1.40036

Samuel, G., & Buchanan, E. (2020). Guest editorial: ethical issues in social media research. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 15(1–2), 3–11. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264619901215

Selvan, T., & Ganesan, K. (2021). Digital ethics in utilization of social media by the undergraduate students. March.

Siraj, N., Nurfalah, F., Listiana, R. A., & Santika, R. N. (2021). Pengenalan beretika komunikasi dalam sosial media di kalangan remaja SMA windu wacana kota Cirebon. Altruis Journal of Community Services, 2(2), 32–36. https://doi.org/10.22219/altruis.v2i2.16546

Sitepu, Y. S., Harahap, H., & Trimurni, F. (2021). Digital literacy of social media users in medan city in facing hoax. International Journal of Modern Trends in Social Sciences, 4(15), 97–113. https://doi.org/10.35631/ijmtss.415009

Sormanen, N., & Lauk, E. (2016). Issues of ethics and methods in studying social media. Media and Communication, 4(4A), 63–65. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v4i4.793

Taufano, R., & Irwansyah, I. (2020). Brand Personality Achmad Zaky Sebagai Chief Executive Officer Bukalapak Dalam Media Sosial Instagram. Jurnal Komunikasi, 12(2), 211–230. https://doi.org/10.24912/jk.v12i2.7268

Trybulkevych, K. H., Shchegoleva, T. L., Gruba, T. L., Gula, L. V., & Zoriy, Y. B. (2021). Ethics of communication as an important component of teacher self-branding in the settings of the digital environment. European Journal of Educational Research, 10(2), 641–654. https://doi.org/10.12973/EU-JER.10.2.641

Tukina, & Sanjaya, M. (2020). Information hoax in political years 2019: learning and challenges. KnE Social Sciences, 2020, 424–438. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v4i7.6872

Tulgan, B. (2013). Gen-Z-whitepaper. https://grupespsichoterapija.lt/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Gen-Z-Whitepaper.pdf

Véliz, C. (2021). Privacy and digital ethics after the pandemic. Nature Electronics, 4(1), 10–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41928-020-00536-y

Wahjuwibowo;, I. S., & Hereyah, Y. (2016). How to manage social media hoaxes. 2nd International Conference on Corporate and Marketing Communication (ICCOMAC), 5(2), 16–27.

Wells, D. M., Lehavot, K., & Isaac, M. L. (2015). Sounding off on social media: the ethics of patient storytelling in the modern era. Academic Medicine, 90(8), 1015–1019. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000668

Wijaya, N. P. N. P., & Saudi, M. H. M. (2019). Analysis of student perception in responding to the hoax news. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 6(6), 159–164.

Wilson, C. B., Slade, C., Kirby, M., Downer, T., Fisher, M., & Nuessler, S. (2018). Digital ethics and the use of ePortfolio: a scoping review of the literature. International Journal of EPortfolio, 8(2), 115–125.

Young, J. A., Mcleod, D. A., & Brady, S. R. (2018). The ethics challenge: 21st century social work education, social media, and digital literacies. Journal of Social Work Values & Ethics The Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics, 15(1), 1–22. http://jswve.org/download/15-1/15-1-Articles/13-The-Ethics-Challenge-15-1.pdf

Zaenudin, A. (2018). Mengapa facebook jadi sarang hoaks? Tirto.id. https://tirto.id/mengapa-facebook-jadi-sarang-hoaks-dca9

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Komunikasi
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.