PREVALENSI OBESITAS SENTRAL BERDASARKAN LINGKAR PINGGANG PADA PENGEMUDI BUS ANTAR KOTA

Frisca Frisca, Idawati Karjadidjaja, Alexander Halim Santoso
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Abstract

Central obesity has become a public health problem which is currently rapidly increasing throughout the world, including in developing countries like Indonesia. The World Health Organization states that central obesity is a major risk factor for various cardiometabolic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension. Inter-city bus drivers are high-risk occupations of cardiometabolic disease, this is due to unhealthy lifestyles and work patterns such as high consumption of fatty foods, smoking habits, lack of physical activity, long driving times and irregular sleep patterns. This study aims to determine the prevalence of central obesity based on waist circumference in inter-city bus drivers. This research is a descriptive cross sectional study. Data obtained from measurements of body weight, height and waist circumference, as well as calculation of body mass index (BMI) on 176 subjects obtained through consecutive sampling method. Obesity is said if BMI ≥25 according to WHO criteria for Asia-Pacific and central obesity if waist circumference> 90 cm for men and> 80 cm for women. In this study all subjects were men with an average age of 42.45  10.50 years. Based on the calculation of BMI there are 54.3% of subjects obese. Through measurement of waist circumference there are 50.6% of subjects with central obesity. Providing education is very important so that subjects can make lifestyle changes for the better so as to prevent cardiometabolic disease in inter-city bus drivers.

 

Abstrak

Obesitas sentral telah menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang saat ini sangat meningkat pesat di seluruh dunia, termasuk di negara berkembang seperti Indonesia. World Health Organization menyatakan bahwa obesitas sentral merupakan faktor risiko utama terjadinya berbagai penyakit kardiometabolik, seperti diabetes dan hipertensi. Pengemudi bus antar kota merupakan pekerjaan dengan risiko tinggi terkena penyakit kardiometabolik tersebut, hal ini disebabkan karena gaya hidup dan pola kerja yang tidak sehat seperti tingginya konsumsi makanan berlemak, kebiasaan merokok, kurangnya aktivitas fisik, durasi menyetir yang lama dan pola tidur yang tidak teratur. Penelitian ini bertujuan  untuk mengetahui prevalensi obesitas sentral berdasarkan lingkar pinggang pada pengemudi bus antar kota. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Data diperoleh dari pengukuran berat badan, tinggi badan dan lingkar pinggang, serta  perhitungan indeks massa tubuh (IMT) pada 176 subjek yang diperoleh melalui metode consecutive sampling. Dikatakan Obesitas jika  IMT ≥25 menurut kriteria WHO untuk Asia-Pasifik dan obesitas sentral jika lingkar pinggang >90 cm untuk laki-laki dan >80 cm untuk perempuan. Pada penelitian ini semua subjek adalah laki-laki dengan usia rata-rata 42.45 ± 10.50 tahun. Berdasarkan perhitungan IMT terdapat 54.3% subjek mengalami obesitas. Melalui pengukuran lingkar pinggang terdapat 50.6% subjek dengan obesitas sentral. Pemberian edukasi sangat penting agar subjek dapat melakukan perubahan gaya hidup menjadi lebih baik sehingga dapat mencegah terjadinya penyakit kardiometabolik pada pengemudi bus antar kota.

Keywords

obesitas sentral; lingkar pinggang; pengemudi bus

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