Energy Conservation Policy Reform in Indonesia: Attempt to Trace Its Basic Reason of Change

Ahmad Redi, Luthfi Marfungah

Abstract


Energy constitutes a significant element which is needed by human beings. However, energy need can be threatened when its conservation is not implemented correctly. Energy conservation will provide certainty of sustainability and energy harmony as something which later on can be used by the present and future generations. Law is one of the instruments appointed to regulate conservation policy. At present, it is known energy conservation policy is governed in various legislative regulations. However, fundamental law which governs energy conservation is subject to the regime of Act Number 30 of 2007 on Energy (Energy Act). In the Act arrangement of energy conservation can be found in Article 25. The article is then regulated by Government Regulation Number 70 of 2009 on Energy Conservation (PP of Energy Conservation). However, energy conservation policy in PP of Energy Conservation legally cannot be executed because of many problems in it. This research wishes to assess how conservation energy in Indonesia at present and why the current policy needs a change. To answer the said issues, we perform doctrinal research type of research, the data used are secondary ones in the forms of legal documents, and the law approach study. The nature of this research is prescriptive, and the data analysis technique is deductive. The result of research shows that at present in Indonesia has various provisions of legislative regulations which regulates energy conservation. However, precisely the legal instrument is regulated in government regulation on PP Energy Conservation, which has problems concerning its implementation.

Keywords


energy conservation, conservation policy reform.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24912/tlrev.v0i0.3059

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