Law Enforcement Towards Environmental Damage and Pollution Caused by Open-Pit Coal

Indriyane Vera Natalia, Maret Priyanta

Abstract


The mining industry is the primary source of the state’s revenue. The legal instrument governing the mining industry in Indonesia is Law No. 4 of 2009 on Mineral and Coal. Unfortunately, the existence of the mining industry in various regions in Indonesia, especially open-pit coal mining industries, raises multiple problems, one of which related to the aspect of environmental law. The issues which arise in forms of pollution and ecological damage. These problems still occur in several open-pit coal mining areas such as in Bengkulu and South Kalimantan. Environmental law is expected to be a tool to protect the environment from various negative impacts of business activities and from citizens who lack awareness towards the environment, in order to guarantee the sustainability of environmental functions. One of the steps that need to be done is enforcing environmental law effectively. Enforcement can be done in forms of preventive and repressive, which means through administrative, criminal and civil procedures. Thus, the existence of the mining industry is expected to continue to support sustainable development in Indonesia. This research is normative legal research through the method of legislative approach, conceptual approach and analytical approach. The object of the normative legal analysis is in the form of qualitative legal materials, namely primary legal material (legislation) and secondary legal material (library materials). The specification of this study is inferential research, which doesn’t merely describe facts but draws general conclusions that can be the basis of deduction to determine steps to deal with legal problems and define the position of the issues in the national legal system as well. Regarding the research data, both secondary and primary data, a qualitative juridical analysis was carried out using the method of legal interpretation, especially grammatical interpretation, historical interpretation, and systematic interpretation and analogy and constructivism, the results of which were written descriptively.

Keywords


Law Enforcement; Environmental Law; Mining Law; Open-Pit Mining; Coal.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Books

Farrier, Daiv, dkk. (2004). The Environtmental Law Handbook. New South Wales : Redfern Legal Centre Publishing.

Hardjasoemantri, Koesnadi. (1995). Pengantar Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan. Surabaya : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga.

H.S., H. Salim. (2007). Hukum Pertambangan di Indonesia. Jakarta : Raja Grafindo.

Immamulhadi & Ratu N. (2015). Hukum & Keadilan : Ajaran Ahli Hukum Termuka. Yogyakarta : K – Media.

Kusumaatmadja, Mochtar Kusumaatmadja. (2006). Konsep – Konsep Hukum Dalam Pembangunan. Bandung : PT Alumni.

Mertokusumo, Sudikno Mertokusumo. (1966). Mengenal Hukum Suatu Pengantar. Yogyakarta : Liberty.

Priyanta, Maret & Nadia Astriani. (2015). Buku Ajar Hukum Lingkungan. Bandung : Kalam Media.

Rahmadi, Takdir Rahmadi. (2011). Hukum Lingkungan di Indonesia. Jakarta : PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Rangkuti, Siti Sundari Rangkuti. (2003). Hukum Lingkungan dan Kebijaksanaan Lingkungan Nasional. Surabaya : Airlangga University Press.

Santosa, Mas Ahmad. (2001). Good Governance dan Hukum Lingkungan. Jakarta : ICEL.

Supratman, Odih Supratman. (2018). Penambangan Modul 1 Penambangan Terbuka. Bandung : Kementerian Riset Teknologi dan Pendidikan.

Susilo, Y. Eko Budi. (2003). Menuju Keselarasan Lingkungan (memahami sikap teologis manusia terhadap pencemaran lingkungan). Malang : Averroes.

Sutedi, Adrian Sutedi. (2011). Hukum Pertambangan. Jakarta : Sinar Grafika.

Legal Documents

Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Dasar 1945.

------------------------. Undang-Undang No. 11 tahun 1967 tentang Ketentuan – Ketentuan Pokok Pertambangan.

------------------------. Undang-Undang No. 32 Tahun 2009 Tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup.

------------------------. Undang-Undang No. 4 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara.

Journal Articles

Butar – Butar, Franky. (2010). “Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan di bidang Pertambangan”. Jurnal Yuridika, Vol. 25 No. 2.

Dwiharyani, Ellyana, Imammulhadi, & Maret Priyanta. (2018). “Implikasi Hukum Pelanggaran Koefisien Dasar Bangunan pada Ruang Terbuka Hijau Privat”. Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Kenotariatan Fakultas Hukum Unpad, Vol. 1 No. 2.

Pareke, J.T. dan Aprizon Putra, David. (2014). “Model Penyelesaian Konflik Kewenangan dalam Hal Timbulnya Dampak Dumping Limbah Batubara: Studi Kasus pada Pemerintah Kota Bengkulu dengan Pemerintah Kabupaten Bengkulu Tengah”. Padjadjaran Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 1 – No 2.

Priyanta, Maret & Achmad Billy Zulqiyami. (2016). “Penegakan Hukum Dalam Pelanggaran Pemanfaatan Ruang di Kawasan Perkotaan Dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Pelestarian Fungsi Lingkungan.” UNES Journal of Law, Vol. 1, Issue 2.

Samardi, Akhmad Sukris. (2012). “Penerapan Hukum Berbasis Hukum Progresif Pada Pertambangan Batubara di Kalimantan Selatan”, Jurnal MMH, Jilid 41, No. 1.

Supriyono, and others. (2015). “Kajian Dampak Penambangan Batubara Terhadap Kualitas Air Dan Arahan Kebijakan Mitigasi Sungai Di Sub Das Hilir Sungai Bengkulu”. Jurnal Geografi Universitas Negeri Padang, Vol 4. No.2.

Other Documents

Abdillah, Harum Harmin. (2018). “Dampak Penambangan Batubara Terhadap Lingkungan” [Thesis] . Yogyakarta : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.

Report of Kanwil Kehutanan (1997 – 2004).

Silalahi, Daud Silalahi. (1991). “Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan di Indonesia Melalui Pendekatan Kesadaran Hukum dan Lingkungan” delivered in the XXXIV Dies Natalies of Universitas Padjadjaran. Bandung.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Tarumanagara Law Review (ISSN Online: XXXX-XXXX | ISSN Print: XXXX-XXXX) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License