Construction of Social Reality for Physical Distancing During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Maylanny Christin, Dasrun Hidayat, Atie Rachmiatie
| Abstract views: 283 | views: 109

Abstract

The focus of the research is communication behavior in the Physical Distancing phase during COVID-19. Physical Distancing is a government policy intended to reduce the spread of COVID-19. The research objective was to analyze the knowledge and communication behavior of the people. The method used is phenomenology with a qualitative approach. Involving the people of Bandung city as research informants as many as 11 people. The technique of collecting data through online interviews is that physical distancing is still in place. The results showed that the physical distancing phase of the community's communication behavior can be categorized into three groups including active, sympathetic, and indifferent groups. Active group means being concerned with finding information and implementing Physical Distancing policies. The sympathy group is receiving Physical Distancing information, but not fully carrying out Physical Distancing. Informant groups are indifferent or passive informants in seeking information and do not carry out Physical Distancing. Another communication behavior that the Physical Distancing phase activities is carried out online using digital media. Informants admit that Physical Distancing activities have changed the dimension of interpersonal communication which requires the presence of distance, but the Physical Distancing phase has turned virtual. This communication behavior builds a shared experience that online communication encourages the formation of virtual relationships. The results of this study are expected to contribute to online communication competence as an effort to maintain the quality of communication even though it is done online.

 

Fokus penelitian adalah perilaku komunikasi pada fase Physical Distancing selama COVID-19. Physical Distancing merupakan kebijakan pemerintah yang dimaksudkan untuk mengurangi penyebaran COVID-19. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis pengetahuan dan perilaku komunikasi masyarakat. Metode yang digunakan fenomenologi dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Melibatkan masyarakat kota Bandung sebagai informan penelitian sebanyak 11 orang. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara daring mengingat masih diberlakukannya Physical Distancing. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku komunikasi masyarakat fase Physical Distancing dapat dikategorikan dalam tiga kelompok meliputi kelompok aktif, simpati, dan acuh. Kelompok aktif artinya peduli dengan mencari informasi dan menjalankan kebijakan Physical Distancing. Kelompok simpati yaitu menerima informasi Physical Distancing, namun tidak sepenuhnya menjalankan Physical Distancing. Kelompok informan acuh atau informan pasif dalam mencari informasi dan tidak menjalankan Physical Distancing. Perilaku komunikasi lainnya bahwa aktivitas fase Physical Distancing dilakukan secara daring dengan menggunakan media digital. Informan mengakui bahwa aktivitas Physical Distancing telah merubah dimensi komunikasi interpersonal yang mensyaratkan kehadiran jarak, namun fase Physical Distancing berubah menjadi virtual. Perilaku komunikasi tersebut membangun pengalaman bersama bahwa komunikasi daring mendorong terbentuknya hubungan virtual. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat berkontribusi terhadap kompetensi komunikasi daring sebagai upaya menjaga kualitas komunikasi meskipun dilakukan secara daring.

Keywords

communication dimension; COVID-19; physical distancing; virtual relationship; dimensi komunikasi; hubungan virtual; physical distancing

Full Text:

PDF

References

Beniac, D. R., Andonov, A., Grudeski, E., & Booth, T. F. (2006). Architecture of the SARS coronavirus prefusion spike. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, 13(8), 751–752. https://doi.org/10.1038/nsmb1123

Cyly, Z., Dalu, A., & Rohman, M. (2019). Pengembangan E-Learning Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Simulasi dan Komunikasi Digital bagi Siswa SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknik Elektro, 04(1), 25–33.

Eikenberry, S. E., Mancuso, M., Iboi, E., Phan, T., Eikenberry, K., Kuang, Y., Kostelich, E., & Gumel, A. B. (2020). To mask or not to mask: Modeling the potential for face mask use by the general public to curtail the COVID-19 pandemic. Infectious Disease

Modelling, 5, 293–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idm.2020.04.001

Fajar, A. (2011). Sistem Kendali dan Strategi Penanganan (Manajemen) Krisis Dalam Kajian Public Relations. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 1(3), 279. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v1i3.25

Fitri, H., & Putra, R. B. (2019). The Impact of Learning Culture on Readiness to Online Learning Through Learning Satisfaction as Intervening Variable the Industrial Era 4.0. Jurnal Apresiasi Ekonomi, 7(3), 309–316.

Griffin, E. (2011). A First Look At Communication Theory (T. Z. Ackley (ed.); 8th ed.). McGraw-Hill. http://mhhe.com

Hidayat, D. (2012). Komunikasi Antarpribadi dan Medianya (1st ed.). Graha Ilmu. http://www.grahailmu.com

Hidayat, D., & Anisti, A. (2015). Wartawan Media Now dalam Mengemas Berita: Perspektif Situational Theory. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 2(5), 295. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v2i5.81

Hidayat, D., Anisti, Purwadhi, & Wibawa, D. (2020). Crisis Management and Communication Experience in Education During the CoVid– 19 Pandemic in Indonesia. Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication, 36(3), 67–82. https://doi.org/10.17576/JKMJC-2020-3603-05

Hidayat, D., & Hafiar, H. (2019). Nilai-nilai budaya soméah pada perilaku komunikasi masyarakat Suku Sunda. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, 7(1), 84–96.

Hidayat, D., Kuswarno, E., Zubair, F., & Hafiar, H. (2018). Public Relations Communication Behavior Through a Local-Wisdom Approach : The Findings of Public Relations Components Via Ethnography as Methodology. Malaysian Journal of Communication, 34(3), 56–72.

Hidayat, D., & Noeraida. (2020). Pengalaman Komunikasi Siswa Melakukan Kelas Online Selama Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Efek, 3(2), 172–182.

https://doi.org/10.32534/jike.v3i2.1017

Kresna, A., & Ahyar, J. (2020). Pengaruh Physical Distancing dan Social Distancing Terhadap Kesehatan dalam Pendekatan Linguistik. Jurnal Syntax Transformation, 1(4), 14–19.

La Ode Arwah Rahman, D. I. K. I. P. (2020). OPINI; Physical Distancing dan Budaya Komunikasi. April, 10.

Laurance, J., & Loisa, R. (2020). Komunikasi Interpersonal Antara Kakak dengan Adik Kandung Berkebutuhan Khusus (Studi Kasus pada Kakak yang Mempunyai Adik Kandung Penyandang Autisme). Koneksi, 3(2), 303. https://doi.org/10.24912/kn.v3i2.6351

Luhukay, M. S. (2013). Penerapan Manajemen Krisis Di Indonesia : Memotret Krisis Dalam Kacamata Public Relations. Scriptura, 2(1), 18–28. https://doi.org/10.9744/scriptura.2.1.18-28

Ode, W., & Nurhaliza, S. (2020). KOMUNIKASI KELOMPOK DALAM VIRTUAL COMMUNITY. Komunida; Media Komunikasi Dan Dakwah, 10(1), 18–38. https://doi.org/10.35905/komunida.v7i2.http

Pfattheicher, S., Nockur, L., Böhm, R., Sassenrath, C., & Petersen, M. B. (2020). The emotional path to action: Empathy promotes physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. PsyArXiv [Working Paper], i, 1–8.

https://doi.org/10.31234/OSF.IO/Y2CG5

Pradsmadji, S. I., & Irwansyah, I. (2019). Pengalaman dan Pandangan Khalayak Pegiat Sinema Non-Produksi Terkait Teknologi 3D Sebagai Pendukung Saluran Komunikasi Film. Jurnal Komunikasi, 11(2), 141. https://doi.org/10.24912/jk.v11i2.4060

Prasetyo, H., & Sutopo, W. (2018). Industri 4.0: telaah klasifikasi aspek dan arah perkembangan riset. Jurnal Teknik Industri Universitas Diponogoro, 13(1), 17–26.

Pratama, N. A., & Hidayat, D. (2020). Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Masyarakat Memaknai Social Distancing. Jurnal Digital Media & Relationship, 2(1), 1–10.

Purwanto, A., Asbari, M., Fahlevi, M., & Mufid, A. (2020). Impact of Work From Home ( WFH ) on Indonesian Teachers Performance During the Covid-19 Pandemic : An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5), 6235–6244.

Rahardjo, W., Qomariyah, N., Andriani, I., Hermita, M., & Gunadarma, U. (2020). Adiksi Media Sosial pada Remaja Pengguna Instagram dan WhatsApp : Memahami Peran Need Fulfillment dan Social Media Engagement. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, 18(01), 5–16. https://doi.org/10.7454/jps.2020.03

Rahayu, R. N., & Sensusiyati. (2020). ANALISIS BERITA HOAX COVID - 19 DI MEDIA SOSIAL DI. Jurnal Intelektiva, 01(09), 60–73.

Rosidi, A. (2000). Ensiklopedi Sunda: Alam, Manusia, dan Budaya. Termasuk Budaya Cirebon dan Betawi. Pustaka Jaya.

Sa’diyah, H. (2013). Manajemen Krisis Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII) Yogyakarta Dalam Mengatasi Kasus Mapala UNISI. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Samovar, L. A., Porter, R. E., & McDaniel, E. R. (2010). Komunikasi Lintas Budaya; Communication Between Cultures (7th ed.). Salemba Humanika. http://www.penerbitsalemba.com

Sari, W. P. (2020). Studi Fenomenologi Penyelarasan Makna dan Pengalaman Penikmat Warung Kopi di Ambon. Jurnal Komunikasi, 12(1), 124. https://doi.org/10.24912/jk.v12i1.7417

Smith, R. D. (2005). Strategic Planning for Public Relations (2nd ed.). Laurence Erlbaum Asociates Publishers.

Supraja, M. (2012). Alfred Schutz : Rekonstruksi Teori Tindakan Max Weber. Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.22146/jps.v1i2.23447

Utami, F., & Silalahi, B. (2013). Hubungan Antara Identitas Sosial Dan Konformitas Pada Anggota Komunitas Virtual Kaskus Regional Depok. Prosiding PESAT, 5(0), 8–9.

West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2013). Teori Komunikasi; Pengantar, Analisis dan Aplikasi. Salemba Humanika.

WHO. (2020). #Covid19 Coronavirus Disease 2019: Situational Report 72. DroneEmprit, 2019(April), 1–19. https://pers.droneemprit.id/covid19/

Yin, R. K. (2014). Study Kasus: Desain dan Metode (1st ed.). Rajawali Pers.

Yılmaz, H. Ö., Aslan, R., & Unal, C. (2020). Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Eating Habits and Food Purchasing Behaviors of University Students. 15(3), 154–159. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v15i3.3897

Yunus, N. R., & Rezki, A. (2020). Kebijakan Pemberlakuan Lock Down Sebagai Antisipasi Penyebaran Corona Virus Covid-19. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i3.15083

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Komunikasi
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.