ANALISIS PENGGUNAAN PREFABRICATED VERTICAL DRAINS (PVD) PADA TANAH LEMPUNG LUNAK YANG TERDAPAT LAPISAN LENSA

Andreyan Prasetio, Aniek Prihatiningsih
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Abstract

Problem that often occurs in soft cohesive soils is settlement caused by consolidation process. If  construction activities doing when the soils has not been consolidated, settlement can occur. To accelerate  the consolidation process, soil improvement are usually do, one method of soil improvement to accelarate the consolidation process is vertical drain using prefabricated vertical drains (PVD). The soft soil layers in the field are not always continuous, sometimes found soft soil layers that have a lens layer. In this study, will discuss about the settlement and consolidation time of soft  soil layers that have a lens layer which has been improved by PVD with 1 meter distance. Infrastructure that stand on a location that is installed by PVD is taxiway and loading by Airbus A380 aircraft of 18,22ton/m2. Analysis using the 1 dimensional consolidation theory of Terzaghi. For PVD installation to a depth of 50 meters, preloading settlement of 234,80 cm with a consolidation time of  2260 days for the square pattern PVD and 1918 days for triangle pattern PVD. Post loading settlement for PVD installation depth of 50 meters by 2,50 cm.

 

Abstrak

Masalah yang sering terjadi pada tanah kohesif dan lunak adalah penurunan yang disebabkan proses konsolidasi. Penurunan dapat menyebabkan keretakan pada struktur konstruksi yang berada di atasnya. Jika suatu kegiatan konstruksi dilakukan saat tanah belum terkonsolidasi, maka konstruksi tersebut dapat mengalami penurunan.. Untuk mempercepat proses konsolidasi biasanya dilakukan perbaikan tanah, salah satu metode perbaikan tanah untuk mempercepat proses konsolidasi yaitu vertical drain dengan menggunakan prefabricated vertical drains (PVD). Lapisan tanah lunak yang terdapat di lapangan tidak selalu kontinu, terkadang ditemukan lapisan tanah lunak yang terdapat lapisan lensa. Pada penelitian ini, penulis akan membahas mengenai waktu konsolidasi yang dibutuhkan oleh lapisan tanah kohesif dan lunak yang terdapat lapisan lensa yang telah diperbaiki dengan menggunakan PVD berjarak 1 meter. Infrastruktur yang berdiri di atas lokasi yang dipasang PVD berupa taxiway dengan beban berupa pesawat Airbus A380 sebesar 18,22 ton/m2. Analisis dilakukan menggunakan teori konsolidasi 1 dimensi Terzaghi. Untuk pemasangan PVD hingga kedalaman 50 meter diperoleh penurunan pra pembebanan sebesar 234,80 cm dengan waktu konsolidasi selama 2260 hari untuk pemasangan PVD pola persegi dan selama 1918 hari untuk pola segitiga . Penurunan pasca pembebanan untuk pemasangan PVD hingga kedalaman 50 meter sebesar 2,5 cm.

Keywords

tanah kohesif, konsolidasi, faktor waktu, prefabricated vertical drain (PVD), lapisan lensa.

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