GAMBARAN COLLEGE ADJUSTMENT MAHASISWA BARU DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19

Shinta Vionita, Rahmah Hastuti
| Abstract views: 1130 | views: 928

Abstract

College adjustment comes from adjustment, which means the adjustment of students to the environment in college.  The way students adjust during the first year of college is a prediction of significant life events later in their college career. In college adjustments, there are four dimensions, including academic adjustment, social adjustment, personal emotional adjustment, and goal commitment institutional attachment. This study aims to find an overview of first year college students during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study had 345 freshman college students as participants ranging in age from 18 to 25 who were studying at universities in Jakarta. The measuring instrument used was the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ). Based on the results of data processing carried out to describe college adjustment of first year college students during the Covid-19 pandemic using descriptive methods and different demographic data tests, it was found that college adjustments had differences in the gender of men and women, and had no differences in the type of college, age, faculty, and current residence. The results of this study can also be concluded that the dimension of goal commitment to institutional attachment has the highest mean value, followed by social adjustment, academic adjustment, and the lowest is personal emotional adjustment. This study also describes the high level of college adjustment based on its dimensions.

 

College adjustment berasal dari adjustment yang artinya penyesuaian mahasiswa dengan lingkungan perguruan tinggi. Cara mahasiswa menyesuaikan selama tahun pertama kuliah merupakan prediksi peristiwa kehidupan yang signifikan di kemudian hari dalam karir perguruan tinggi. Dalam college adjustment, terdapat empat dimensi, antara lain academic adjustment, social adjustment, personal emotional adjustment, dan goal commitment institutional attachment. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran umum college adjustment mahasiswa baru di masa pandemi Covid-19. Penelitian ini memiliki 345 partisipan mahasiswa baru dengan rentang usia antara 18 hingga 25 tahun yang berkuliah di perguruan tinggi di daerah Jakarta. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ). Berdasarkan hasil olah data yang dilakukan untuk menggambarkan college adjustment mahasiswa baru di masa pandemi Covid-19 dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif dan uji beda data demografi, didapatkan hasil bahwa college adjustment memiliki perbedaan pada jenis kelamin laki-laki maupun perempuan, serta tidak memiliki perbedaan pada jenis perguruan tinggi yang dipilih, usia, fakultas, dan tempat tinggal saat ini. Hasil penelitian ini juga dapat disimpulkan bahwa dimensi goal commitment institutional attachment memiliki nilai mean yang paling tinggi, disusul dengan social adjustment, academic adjustment, dan yang paling rendah adalah personal emotional adjustment. Penelitian ini juga menggambarkan tingkat tinggi rendahnya college adjustment berdasarkan dimensinya.

Keywords

college adjustment; first year college students; Covid-19 pandemic; mahasiswa baru

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdullah, M. C., Elias, H., Uli, J., & Mahyuddin, R. (2010). Relationship between coping and university adjustment and academic achievement amongst first year undergraduates in a Malaysian Public University. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 3(11), 379-392. http://openaccesslibrary.org/images/LVG163_Maria_Chong_Abdullah.pdf

Adnan, M., & Anwar, K. (2020). Online learning amid the COVID-19 pandemic: Students' perspectives. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2(1), 46-51. https://www.doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020261309

Bakar, N. H., Mohamed, Z., Abdullah, M. F. N. L., & Yusof, S. I. B. (2015). Pembinaan model berstruktur penyesuaian akademik dalam kalangan pelajar. Journal of Human Capital Development, 8(1), 23-37. https://docplayer.net/39061549-Pembinaan-model-berstruktur-penyesuaian-akademik-dalam-kalangan-pelajar.html

Baker, R. W., & Siryk, B. (1986). Exploratory intervention with a scale measuring adjustment to college. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33(1), 31-38. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.33.1.31

Baker, R. W., McNeil, O. V., & Siryk, B. (1985). Expectation and reality in freshman adjustment to college. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 32(1), 94–103. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.32.1.94

Burkle, M., & Innes, M. C. (2013). Defining the role adjustment profile of learners and instructors online. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 7(1), 73-87. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1011383.pdf

Caraka, R. E., Lee, Y., Kurniawan, R., & Herliansyah, R. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 large scale restriction on environment and economy in Indonesia. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 6(Special Issue), 65-84. https://www.doi.org/10.22034/GJESM.2019.06.SI.07

Fabriza, R. (Maret 29, 2020). Dampak virus COVID-19 bagi mahasiswa. Unisbank. https://www.unisbank.ac.id/v2/news/dampak-virus-covid-19-bagi-mahasiswa/

Fernández, M. F. P., Araújo, A. M., Vacas, C. T., Almeida, L. S., & González, M. S. R. (2017). Predictors of students’ adjustment during transition to university in Spain. Psicothema, 29(1), 67-72. https://www.doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.40

Furnes, M., Kvaal, K. S., & Høye, S. (2018). Communication in mental health nursing - bachelor students' appraisal of a blended learning training programme – an exploratory study. BMC Nursing, 17(20), 1-10. https://www.doi.org/10.1186/s12912-018-0288-9

Henderson, A. J. (2003). The e-learning question and answer book: A survival guide for trainers and business managers. American Management Association.

Iflah., & Listyasari, W. D. (2013). Gambaran penyesuaian diri mahasiswa baru. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengukuran Psikologi, 2(1), 33-36. http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/jppp/article/download/4359/3275/

Kail, V. K., & Cavanaugh, J. C. (2019). Human development: A life-span view (5th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Kusnayat, A., Muiz, M. H., Sumarni, N., Mansyur, A. S., & Zaqiah, Q. Y. (2020). Pengaruh teknologi pembelajaran kuliah online di era Covid-19 dan dampaknya terhadap mental mahasiswa. Jurnal Edukasi dan Teknologi Pembelajaran, 1(2), 153-165. https://doi.org/10.37859/eduteach.v1i2.1987

Lopez, Z. M., Tinajero, C., Rodriguez, M. S., & Paramo, M. P. (2019). Perceived social support and university adjustment among spanish college students. European Journal of Psychology and Educational Research, 2(1), 21-30. https://www.doi.org/10.12973/ejper.2.1.21

Mahmood, Z., Saleem, S., & Naz, M. (2013). Mental health problems in university students: A prevalence study. Journal of Sciences, 7(2), 124-130. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310596848_Mental_Health_Problems_in_University_Students_A_prevalence_study

Moore, J. L., Deane, C. C., & Galyen, K. (2010). E-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same?. Internet and Higher Education, 14(2), 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.10.001

Muhlisa. (2014). Peran mahasiswa dalam penjaminan mutu perguruan tinggi. Jurnal Kesehatan, 7(2), 1-3. http://ejournal.poltekkesternate.ac.id/ojs/index.php/juke/article/view/84/41

Oetomo, P. F., Yuwanto, L., & Rahayu, S. (2017). Faktor penentu penyesuaian diri pada mahasiswa baru emerging adulthood tahun pertama dan tahun kedua. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi MIND SET, 8(2), 67-77. https://doi.org/10.35814/mindset.v8i02.325

Papalia, D. E., & Martorell, G. (20XX). Experience human development (13th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Rachmawati, Y., Ma’arif, M., Fadhillah, N., Inayah, N., Ummah, K., Siregar, M. N. F., Amalyaningsih, R., Aftannaila, F., & Auliyah, F. (2020). Studi eksplorasi pembelajaran pendidikan IPA saat masa pandemi Covid-19 di UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya. Indonesian Journal of Science Learning, 1(2), 32-36. https://doi.org/10.15642/ijsl.v1i1.633

Sadikin, A., & Hamidah, A. (2020). Pembelajaran daring di tengah wabah COVID-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi, 6(2), 214-224. https://doi.org/10.22437/bio.v6i2.9759

Smedley, B. D., Myers, H. F., & Harrell, S. P. (1993). Minority-status stresses and the college adjustment of ethnic minority freshmen. The Journal of Higher Education, 64(4), 434-452. https://doi.org/10.2307/2960051

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, dan Seni
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.