PERAN KETERIKATAN KERJA SEBAGAI MEDIATOR EFIKASI DIRI DALAM MEMPREDIKSI INTENSI KERJA

Kevin Djasa, P. Tommy Y.S. Suyasa, Bonar Hutapea
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Abstract

Lecturers are considered important workforce for a university or in any highgrade education institutions. University X had experienced a decrease in educational manpower due to system changes which creates a significant problem towards the university management in fulfilling the needs and demands of lecturers that are needed to accommodate the large ammount of students that are increasing exponentially. To address this problem, the university need to encourage lecturers who had high intentions to quit to be involved more in their professional practices and believe in their skills as a lecturer in the field of teaching, researching and community service. The aim of this research is to understand the role of Work Engagement as a mediator of Self-efficacy in predicting Turnover Intention of lecturers working in a university. This research is an analytic correlational research which uses quantitative approach of Non-experimental method. Data regarding levels of self-efficacy, work engagement and turnover intention of participants are collected via questionnaire links. The number of participants in this research were 163 lecturers. Self-efficacy and work engagement within the lecturers are categorized as high, besides that turnover intention within the lecturers are categorized as medium. The hypothesis testing used the Spearman Rank with a 95% trust level. Results show that self efficacy is significant towards turnover intention (r=-0,408; p<0,000). Results also show thatself-efficacy is significant towards work engagemen t(r=0,617; p<0,000). Work engagement fully mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and turnover intention. 


Dosen merupakan tenaga kerja penting dalam sebuah institusi pendidikan tinggi atau universitas. Universitas X mengalami penurunan dalam aspek sumber daya dosen akibat pergantian sistem baru sehingga menimbulkan permasalahan bagipengelolauniversitas dalam memenuhi tuntutan jumlah dosen yang cukup untuk mengakomodasi jumlah mahasiswa yang semakin banyak. Dalam rangka mengatasi masalah tersebut, universitas harus berupaya melibatkan dosen yang memiliki intensi keluar yang tinggi untuk lebih melibatkan mereka dalam praktek profesi dan meningkatkan keyakinan kemampuan mereka dalam mengajar, melakukan penelitian dan pengabdian pada masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peran keterikatan kerja sebagai mediator efikasi diri dalam memprediksi intensi kerja pada dosen yang bekerja di universitas. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif analitik korelasi dengan menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode non-experimental. Data tingkat efikasi diri, keterikatan kerja dan intensi kerja responden dikumpulkan dengan link kuesioner. Subyek penelitian berjumlah 163 dosen yang bekerja di Universitas X. Rata-rata tingkat efikasi diri dan keterikatan kerja dosen dalam kategori tinggi, sementara rata-rata tingkat intensi kerja dosen dalam kategori sedang. Uji hipotesis untuk setiap variabel menggunakan Spearman Rank dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara efikasi diri dan intensi kerja (r = -0,408; p<0,000). Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara efikasi diri dan keterikatan kerja (r = 0,617; p<0,000). Kerikatan kerja memiliki peran signifikan sebagai mediator sempurna antara efikasi diri dan intensi kerja.


Keywords

turnover intention; work engagement; self-efficacy; lecturer; university; intensi kerja; keterikatan kerja; efikasi diri; dosen; universitas

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