FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI EKSPRESI EMOSI ANAK DENGAN INDIKASI DISLEKSIA YANG MENJALANI TERAPI SENI EKSPRESIF

Joe Irene, Samsunuwiyati Mar’at, Sri Tiatri
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Abstract

Limited reading and writing abilities in children with dyslexia make it difficult for them to succeed academically when given a typical learning method. In addition to difficulties in the academic field, children with dyslexia also experience difficulties in their psychosocial functioning. Emotional problems become "secondary handicaps" which often occur in children with dyslexia and will cause psychological disorders if not treated early. Children who show indications of dyslexia need to be given appropriate emotional guidance to obtain the emotional competence needed to enable them to express emotions in a healthy manner. Interventions in the form of expressive art therapy were given to six participants; children aged 8 to 9 years who were diagnosed with dyslexia. Each participant has received six art therapy sessions and completed the Emotion Expression Scale for Children (EESC) measuring instrument as the pretest and posttest. The purpose of this study is to explore factors that influenced the effectiveness of expressive art therapy results on emotional expression in children with dyslexia. This paper will focus on analyzing the interview results from six participants and their main caregiver. Data collection was carried out qualitatively through individual interviews. The results of the qualitative thematic analysis showed that increasing EESC scores on participants can be explained by two main factors. First, emotion coaching received from the environment. Second, the social judgement perceived by the participants. Differences in comorbidities, cultures, and conditions of participants during interventions might influence the results of this study. 


Keterbatasan kemampuan membaca dan menulis pada anak dengan disleksia membuat mereka sulit untuk berhasil secara akademis ketika diberikan metode belajar yang tipikal. Selain kesulitan di bidang akademik, anak-anak dengan disleksia juga mengalami kesulitan dalam fungsi psikososial mereka. Permasalahan emosional menjadi “secondary handicap” yang seringkali muncul pada anak dengan disleksia dan akan menyebabkan gangguan psikologis jika tidak ditangani sejak dini. Anak disleksia perlu diberikan bimbingan emosional yang tepat untuk memperoleh kompetensi emosional yang diperlukan agar mereka mampu mengekspresikan emosi dengan cara yang sehat. Dalam riset ini, intervensi berupa terapi seni ekspresif telah diberikan terhadap enam partisipan, yaitu anak berusia 8 hingga 9 tahun yang terdiagnosis disleksia. Setiap partisipan telah melakukan enam sesi terapi seni dan menyelesaikan alat ukur Emotion Expression Scale for Children (EESC) sebagai pretest, juga posttest. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi faktor yang memengaruhi efektivitas terapi seni ekspresif terhadap ekspresi emosi pada anak dengan disleksia. Penelitian ini akan berfokus menganalisis hasil wawancara dengan keenam partisipan dan pengasuh utama mereka. Pengambilan data dilakukan secara kualitatif melalui metode wawancara individual. Hasil analisis tematik kualitatif menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan skor EESC pada partisipan dapat dipengaruhi oleh dua faktor utama. Pertama, pengajaran emosi yang diterima dari lingkungan. Kedua, penilaian lingkungan sosial yang dipersepsikan oleh partisipan. Perbedaan dalam komorbiditas, budaya, dan kondisi partisipan selama intervensi juga dapat menjadi faktor yang memengaruhi hasil penelitian ini.

Keywords

Children with ADHD; attention problem; Rhythmic Movements Training (RMT); Disleksia; faktor ekspresi emosi; terapi seni ekspresif; emosi anak

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