PERAN MEMBACA AWAL TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN BACAAN PADA SISWA KELAS IV SEKOLAH DASAR

Amalia Novita Retaminingrum, Sri Tiatri, Soemiarti Patmonodewo
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Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji peran kelancaran membaca awal terhadap pemahaman bacaan. Partisipan adalah 150 siswa kelas empat. Partisipan diberi satu set asesmen yang mencakup beberapa komponen kelancaran membaca awal dan pengukuran atas pemahaman bacaan  fiksi dan non fiksi. Kelancaran membaca awal diukur dengan Early Grade Reading Assessment yang mengukur letter name identification, segmentation (phoneme or syllables), non word reading, oral reading fluency, reading comprehension, listening comprehension, vocabulary, dan dictation.  Pemahaman bacaan fiksi dan non fiksi diukur melalui tes yang dikembangkan berdasarkan Curriculum Based Assessment dari Kurikulum 2013 Indonesia. Analisis regresi dilakukan pada penelitian ini, dan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua komponen kelancaran membaca awal yang berhubungan dengan pemahaman bacaan.

 

The goal of this study was to examine the role of early reading fluency in reading comprehension. Participants were 150 fourth-grade children. They were given an assessment that included multiple components of early reading fluency, and a fiction and non fiction text to measure their reading comprehension. For early reading fluency, this study used Early Grade Reading Assessment which measures of letter name identification, segmentation (phoneme or syllables), non word reading, oral reading fluency, reading comprehension, listening comprehension, vocabulary, and dictation. For fiction and non-fiction reading comprehension, this study use Curriculum Based Assessment from 2013 Indonesian Curriculum. Regression analyses were undertaken, the results showed that there are two component of early reading fluency which related to reading comprehension. 

Keywords

Early Reading Fluency; Reading Comprehension; EGRA; Early Grade Reading Assessment

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References

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