STUDI KASUS PADA ANAK DENGAN REGULATORY SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER DI KLINIK TUMBUH KEMBANG X

Sila Paramita, Naomi Soetikno, Florencia Irena
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Abstract

Perkembangan sensori merupakan perkembangan penting bagi individu. Sejak lahir, individu mulai memproses informasi sensori yang diperoleh dari lingkungan. Setiap informasi yang diterima sensori individu akan diintegrasikan dan diolah di otak sehingga menampilkan respons perilaku adaptif. Integrasi sensori dapat membantu individu untuk menguasai kemampuan dasar, seperti bahasa, pengendalian emosi, dan kemampuan berhitung. Masalah dalam integrasi sensori berkaitan dengan masalah dalam pemrosesan informasi sensori yang dikenal sebagai Regulatory Sensory Processing Disorder (RSPD). Ketika individu mengalami masalah dalam pemrosesan informasi sensori, maka individu akan mengalami hambatan baik dalam keberfungsiannya sehari-hari maupun perkembangannya. Masalah sensori dapat dikenali sejak dini melalui karakteristik perilaku yang ditampilkan anak. Oleh sebab itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran perilaku anak dengan Regulatory Sensory Processing Disorder. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan metode studi kasus. Partisipan dalam penelitian ini berjumlah satu orang yang merupakan pasien anak pada Klinik Tumbuh Kembang X. Metode pengambilan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara, dan asesmen psikologi. Ada pun sumber informasi diperoleh langsung melalui partisipan, orangtua, dan terapis. Untuk mengetahui gambaran fungsi sensori pada partisipan, peneliti menggunakan daftar observasi wawancara yang tertera pada ICDL-DMIC (2005). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa partisipan yang terlibat dalam penelitian ini mengalami gangguan pemrosesan sensori dengan tipe sensory-seeking. Partisipan penelitian menampilkan perilaku yang sangat aktif bergerak dan kesulitan memberikan atensi pada tugas yang diberikan. Hal tersebut berdampak pada performa akademis dan interaksi sosial yang dimiliki.

 

Sensory development is an important development for individuals. From birth, individuals begin to process sensory information obtained from the environment. Every information received by an individual sensory receptor will be integrated and processed in the brain so that it displays an adaptive behavioral response. Sensory integration can help individuals to master basic abilities, such as language, emotional control, and numeracy skills. Problems in sensory integration are related to problems in processing sensory information known as Regulatory Sensory Processing Disorder (RSPD). When individuals experience problems in processing sensory information, individuals will experience obstacles both in their daily functioning and development. Sensory problems can be recognized early on through the behavioral characteristics displayed by children. Therefore, this study aims to describe the behaviour of children with Regulatory Sensory Processing Disorder. This research is a qualitative research with case study method. The sole participant in this study is a pediatric patient in the Growth and Development Clinic X. Data collection used observation, interviews, and psychological assessment. Information was also obtained directly through participants, parents, and therapists. To find out the description of sensory functions in participants, researchers used the interview observation list listed in ICDL-DMIC (2005). The results showed that the participants involved in this study experienced sensory-seeking type sensory processing disorders. Participant displayed very active behavior and difficulty in attending to the tasks assigned. This has an impact on academic performance and social interactions.

Keywords

integrasi sensori; regulatory sensory processing disorder; sensory-seeking

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