HUBUNGAN ANTARA HARAPAN DAN STRES ORANG TUA YANG MEMILIKI ANAK DENGAN AUTISME

Grace Kurniadi, Ediasri Toto Atmodiwirjo, Naomi Soetikno
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Abstract

Autisme merupakan gangguan perkembangan yang ditandai dengan gangguan sosial perilaku dan minat yang terbatas. Setiap orang tua yang mempunyai anak, memiliki harapan yang indah dan baik untuk anaknya. Diagnosis autisme akan kondisi anak menyebabkan stres pada orang tua. Stres ini menyebabkan harapan orang tua berubah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari korelasi antara harapan dan stres orang tua yang memiliki anak dengan autisme. Karakteristik partisipan ini adalah orang tua yang memiliki anak berusia 3-16 tahun. Anak sudah didiagnosa autisme oleh dokter atau psikolog ataupun psikiater. Partisipan yang mengisi alat ukur penelitian ini sebanyak 69 orang. Alat ukur yang digunakan untuk mengukur harapan adalah adult dispotitional hope scale (ADHS), sementara alat ukur yang digunakan untuk mengukur stres orang tua adalah parental stress scale (PSS). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kuantitatif korelasional dengan teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu purposive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan uji korelasi dengan perangkat lunak SPSS versi ke 23. Uji korelasi yang dilakukan menunjukkan korelasi negatif yang lemah antara harapan dan stres orang tua (r = -.244, n = 69, p = .043). Hal ini menunjukkan jika stres orang tua tinggi, maka harapan itu rendah. Sebaliknya jika harapan tinggi, stres orang tua rendah. Orang tua diharapkan untuk membuat harapan yang realistis serta mengelola stres yang dapat memengaruhi kondisi psikologisnya.

 

Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by impaired social behavior and limited interests. Every parent with children, hopes for the best for their children. If their children are diagnosed with autism, this will cause stress in parents. This stress causes the hope of parents to change. This study aims to find a correlation between hope and stress of parents who have children with autism. The characteristics of the participants are parents who have children aged 3-16 years. The child has been diagnosed with autism by a doctor, or psychologist, or psychiatrist. Participants who filled out the measurement tools of this study were 69 people. The measuring instrument used to measure expectations is the adult dispotitional hope scale (ADHS), while the measuring instrument used to measure parental stress is the parental stress scale (PSS). The research method used is quantitative correlational research method with purposive sampling technique. Data analysis was a correlation test using SPSS software version 23. The correlation test conducted showed a weak negative correlation between expectations and stress of parents (r = -.244, n = 69, p = .043). This shows that if parental stress is high, then hope is low. Conversely, if hope is high, parental stress is low. Parents are expected to have realistic hope and manage stress that can affect their psychological condition.

Keywords

Harapan; Stres Orang tua; Autisme

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