EFEK MODERATOR MODAL PSIKOLOGIS DAN KOMITMEN MANAJEMEN DALAM HUBUNGAN STRES KERJA DENGAN PERILAKU KESELAMATAN KERJA

Sesari Sesari, Rostiana Rostiana
| Abstract views: 27 | views: 8

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Safety performance as personal work behavior related to organizational safety, which is bound by psychological antecedents and can be evaluated by the system. Traditionally, safety performance was measured by accident and death rates. Such method had limitations, therefore two dimensions of safety behavior were proposed, namely: (1) safety compliance, (2) safety participation. This study intends to adopt previous research, concerning variables such as work stress, work safety, and psychological capital in different industries, namely in the shipping industry. In addition to making psychological capital a moderator, this study also makes management commitment variable a moderator. This research was conducted with the aim to examine the relationship between work stress and work safety behavior with psychological capital and management commitment as a moderator. The research method used in this research is quantitative non-experimental research. This study aims to examine the causal relationship without manipulation or administering specific treatment on participants. The research subjects of this study were 200 seamen who served on a tanker owned by PT XYZ, whose headquarter is located in Jakarta. Research data processed using conditional PROCESS from Hayes (2013) show that psychological capital has an effect as a moderator of relationship between safety related work stress and work safety behavior (β = 0.32, p <0.05) while management commitment has no effect as a moderator of relationship between safety related work stress and work safety behavior (β = -0.02, p> 0.05). 



Kinerja keselamatan sebagai tingkah laku kerja personal yang berhubungan dengan keselamatan organisasi, yang terikat dengan anteseden psikologisnya dan dapat dievaluasi oleh system. Pada era tradisional, kinerja keselamatan diukur dengan tingkat kecelakaan dan kematian Metode tersebut memiliki keterbatasan, sehingga diajukan dua dimensi dari perilaku keselamatan, yaitu: (1) safety compliance, (2) safety participation. Penelitian ini bermaksud mengadopsi penelitian dilakukan sebelumnya, mengenai variabel-variabel yaitu stres kerja, keselamatan kerja, dan modal psikologis di dalam industri yang berbeda, yaitu pada industri pelayaran. Selain menjadikan modal psikologis sebagai moderator, penelitian ini juga menjadikan variabel komitmen manajemen sebagai moderator. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menguji hubungan stres kerja terhadap perilaku keselamatan kerja dengan modal psikologis dan komitmen manajemen sebagai moderator. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif non-eksperimental. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti hubungan sebab-akibat tanpa memberikan manipulasi atau perlakuan tertentu terhadap partisipan. Subjek penelitian dari penelitian ini adalah 200 pelaut yang bertugas di kapal tanker milik PT XYZ, yang kantor pusatnya ada di Jakarta. Data hasil penelitian diolah dengan menggunakan conditional PROCESS dari Hayes (2013) menunjukkan bahwa modal psikologis berefek sebagai moderator antara hubungan stres kerja terkait keselamatan dengan perilaku keselamatan kerja (β=0.32, p<0.05) dan komitmen manajemen tidak berefek sebagai moderator antara hubungan stres kerja terkait keselamatan dengan perilaku keselamatan kerja (β=-0.02, p>0.05).

Keywords

work safety behavior; work stress; psychological capital; management commitment; perilaku keselamatan kerja; stres kerja; modal psikologis; komitmen manajemen

Full Text:

PDF

References

Arslana, Ozcan, Ismail Deha Erb. (2008). SWOT analysis for safer carriage of bulk liquid chemicals in tankers. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154, 901–913.

Barling, J., Loughlin, C., Kelloway, E.K. (2002). Development and test of a model linking safety-specific transformational leadership and occupational safety. J. Appl. Psychol., 87 (3), 488–496.

Baron. R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Bergheim, Kjersti, Birkeland, M., Mearns, K., Jarle, E. (2015). The relationship between psychological capital, job satisfaction, and safety perceptions in the maritime industry. Safety Science 74 (2015) 27–36.

Bloor, M., Thomas, M., Lane, T.. (2000). Health risks in the global shipping industry: an overview. Health, Risk and Society 2 (3), 329–340.

Burke, M.J., Sarpy, S.A., Tesluk, P.E., Smith-Crowe, K. (2002). General safety performance: a test of a grounded theoretical model. Pers. Psychol., 55 (2), 429–457.

Chowdhury, S., Endres M. L. (2010). The impact of client variability on nurses' occupational strain and injury: cross-level moderation by safety climate. The Academy of Management Journal, 53(1), 182-198.

Cooper, M.D., 2009. Behavioral safety interventions a review of process design factors. Prof. Saf., 54 (2), 36–45.

Griffin, M.A., Neal, A. (2000). Perceptions of safety at work: a framework for linking safety climate to safety performance, knowledge, and motivation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 347–358.

Griffin, Mark A, Hu, Xiaowen. (2013). How leaders differentially motivate safety compliance and safety participation: The role of monitoring, inspiring, and learning. Journal of Safety Science.

Guo, B.H.W., Yiu, T.W. (2015). Developing leading indicators to monitor the safety conditions of construction projects. J. Manage. Eng., 32 (1), 04015016.

Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Hetherington, C., Flin, R., Mearns, K.. (2006). Safety in shipping: the human element. Journal of Safety Research ,37 (4), 401–411.

Hinze, J., Hallowell, M., Baud, K., 2013a. Construction-safety best practices and re- lationships to safety performance. J. Constr. Eng. Manage.

Hofmann, D.A., Morgeson, F.P., 1999. Safety-related behaviour as a social exchange: the role of perceived organisational support and leader–member exchange. J. Appl. Psychol., 84 (2), 286–296.

Jackson, S.E., Schuler, R. (1985). A meta-analysis and conceptual critique of research on role ambiguity and role conflict in work settings. Organ. Behav. Hum. Dec. Process., 36, 16–78.

Leung, M., Chan, I.Y.S., Yu, J. (2011). Preventing construction worker injury incidents through the management of personal stress and organizational stressors. Journal of Accident Analysis and Prevention, 48, 156– 166.

Lin, S. H., Tang W.J. Miao, J. Y., Wang, Z. M.,Wang, P. X. (2008). Safety climate measurement at workplace in China: A validity and reliability assessment. Journal of Safety Science.

Lu, C.S., Lai, K. H., Lun, Y.H.V., and Cheng, T.C.E. (2012). Effects of national culture on human failures in container shipping: The moderating role of Confucian dynamism. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 49, 457-469.

Luthans F., Youssef-Morgan CM, Avolio B. 2015. Psychological Capital and Beyond. New York: Oxford Univ. Press

Luthans, F. (2002). The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. J. Organ. Behav., 23 (6), 695–706.

Luthans, F., Avolio, B.J., Avey, J.B., Norman, S.M. (2007a). Positive psychological capital: measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Pers. Psychol., 60 (3), 541–572.

Luthans, F., Youssef, C.M. (2007). Emerging positive organizational behavior. J. Manage., 33 (3), 321–349.

Maritime Labour Convention. (2006).

Pacific Maritime Association. (2012).

Rizzo, J.R., House, R.J., Lirtzman, S.I. (1970). Role conflict and ambiguity in complex organizations. Adm. Sci. Quart., 75, 150–163.

Roberts, S.E., Marlow, P.B. (2002). Casualties in dry bulk shipping (1963–1996). Marine Policy 26 (6), 437–450.

Roberts, S.E., Marlow, P.B. (2005). Traumatic work related to mortality among sea-farers employed in British merchant shipping, 1976–2002. Occupation and Environment.

Sampson, J.M., DeArmond, S., Chen, P.Y. (2014). Role of safety stressors and social support on safety performance. Journal of Safety Science, 64 (3), 137–145.

Slovin, M. J. (1960). Sampling. Simon and Schuster Inc., New York.

Valdersnes, Kjersti, Jarle, E., Sigurd, H., Birkeland, N. (2013). The Role of Psychological Capital in Perception of Safety Climate Among Air Traffic Controllers. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies 20(2) 232 –241.

Vredenburgh, A. (2002). Organizational safety: which management practices are most effective in reducing employee injury rates? J. Safety Res., 33, 259–276.

Wang, D., Wang, X., Xia, N. (2018). How safety-related stress affects workers’ safety behavior: The moderating role of psychological capital

Wang, Dan. Journal of Safety Science, 103, 247–259.

Yuan, S., Li, Y., Tetrick, Lois E. (2015). Job hindrances, job resources, and safety performance: The mediating role of job engagement. Journal of Applied Ergonomics, 51, 163-171.

Zohar, D., (2000). A group-level model of safety climate: testing the effect of group climate on micro-accidents in manufacturing jobs. J. Appl. Psychol., 85, 587–596.

Zohar, D., (2002). The effects of leadership dimensions, safety climate, and assigned priorities on minor injuries in work groups. J. Org. Behav., 23, 75–92.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, dan Seni
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.