Main Article Content

Rr. Pramesthi Ardya Kusuma Dewi
Pamela Hendra Heng


One of the online social media platforms is instagram, which can connect individuals to communicate remotely and visually, which can lead to anxiety as a result of negative social comparison and fear of missing out. Anxiety is a condition where individuals experience fear if they do not get support and acceptance from their environment. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of instagram use on social anxiety in early adulthood. A total of 258 psychology students, from university X who use instagram at least once a week with an age range of 20-40 years, participated in this study. Quantitative non-experimental correlation was the research method used. Social anxiety was measured using the Social Anxiety Scales for Adolescent (SAS-A) from La Greca and Lopez (1998) which has been translated by Ivana (2022), with a total of 18 items and a Cronbach Alpha of 0.928. Meanwhile, instagram was measured using The Passive Active Use Measure (PAUM) by Gerson et al. (2017) which has been adapted by Amanda (2020), with 10 items and a Cronbach Alpha of 0.822. The correlation test results show that the p value is -0.072 and the significance value of p = 0.248 > 0.05 which means that social anxiety has no correlation with instagram, but one of the dimensions, namely Social Avoidance and Distress-General (SAD-G) has a significant negative correlation with instagram usage. Regression tests were not performed because there is no correlation between variables. The conclusion of this study is the higher the social anxiety, the lower the use of instagram.

Article Details



Aldiyus, R., & Dwatra, F. D. (2021). Hubungan harga diri dengan kecemasan sosial penyalahgunaan narkoba pada masa rehabilitasi di BNNP Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 5(1), 305-310.

Alfasi, Y. (2019). The grass is always greener on my friends' profiles: The effect of Facebook social comparison on state self-esteem and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 147, 111-117.

Amanda, J. (2020). Peran orientasi perbandingan sosial terhadap kualitas hidup remaja yang menggunakan situs jejaring sosial instagram [Skripsi]. Universitas Tarumanagara.

Andreassen, C. S., Pallesen, S., & Griffiths, M. D. (2017). The relationship between addictive use of social media, narcissism, and self-esteem: Findings from a large national survey. Addictive Behaviors, 64, 287–293.

Azka, F., Firdaus, D. F., & Kurniadewi, E. (2018). Kecemasan sosial dan ketergantungan media sosial pada mahasiswa. Psympathic: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 5(2), 201-210.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta. (2019). Proporsi individu yang menggunakan internet menurut provinsi (persen), 2017—2019. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta.

Bjornsen, C. (2018). Social media use and emerging adulthood. Prehod v odraslost: Sodobni trendi in raziskave, 193-223.

Djajasaputra, I., & Basaria, D. (2021, August). The correlation between self-concept and anxiety of finding a partner in young adults in urban communities. In International Conference on Economics, Business, Social, and Humanities (ICEBSH 2021) (pp. 647-652). Atlantis Press.

Ekajaya, D. S. (2019). Hubungan antara kepercayaan diri dengan kecemasan sosial pada narapidana menjelang bebas di lembaga pemasyarakatan klas iia muaro Padang. Psyche 165 Journal, 93-102.

Gerson, J., Plagnol, A. C., & Corr, P. J. (2017). Passive and active facebook use measure (PAUM): Validation and relationship to the reinforcement sensitivity theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 117, 81-90.

Heng, P. H., Sahrani, R., & Silalahi, N. (2021, August). Description of the quality of life of teachers for special needs students during the pandemic of covid-19. In International Conference on Economics, Business, Social, and Humanities (ICEBSH 2021) (pp. 1224-1231). Atlantis Press. 10.2991/assehr.k.210805.192.

Herman, F., Sambul, A. M., & Paturusi, S. D. (2018). Pengukuran skala kecemasan sosial pada pengguna media sosial berusia dewasa awal. Jurnal Teknik Informatika, 13(1).

Ivana, I. (2022). Pengaruh internalized weight stigma terhadap kecemasan sosial pada mahasiswa kuantitatif [Skripsi]. Universitas Tarumanagara.

Jiang, S., & Ngien, A. (2020). The effects of Instagram use, social comparison, and self-esteem on social anxiety: A survey study in Singapore. Social Media+ Society, 6(2), 2056305120912488.

La Greca, A. M., & Lopez, N. (1998). Social anxiety among adolescents: Linkages with peer relations and friendships. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 26, 83-94.

NapoleonCat. (2022, February). Instagram users in Indonesia. NapoleonCat.

NapoleonCat. (2023, February). Instagram users in Indonesia. NapoleonCat.

O’Day, E. B., & Heimberg, R. G. (2021). Social media use, social anxiety, and loneliness: A systematic review. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 3, 100070.

Rahardjo, W., Qomariyah, N., Andriani, I., Hermita, M., & Zanah, F. N. (2020). Adiksi media sosial pada remaja pengguna instagram dan whatsapp: Memahami peran need fulfillment dan social media engagement. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, 18(1), 5-16.

Rizaty, M. (2022, September 13). Persentase pengguna internet di Jakarta tertinggi pada 2021.

Vannucci, A., & McCauley Ohannessian, C. (2019). Social media use subgroups differentially predict psychosocial well-being during early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48, 1469-1493.