RELIGIOSITAS DAN KESEJAHTERAAN PSIKOLOGIS KAUM REMAJA DI ERA PANDEMI

Raja Oloan Tumanggor, Agoes Daryo
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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a serious psychological impact on society, including teenagers. Teenagers who become the next generation and hope of the nation experience psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, stress which of course will affect their psychological well-being. Psychological well-being is a situation in which a person experiences a positive self-assessment, has meaning, purpose and autonomy in life. So concern for youth is needed to maintain the continuity of the nation's future. To build the psychological well-being of teenagers, it is necessary to pay attention to the aspect of religiosity. This study aims to discuss the role of religiosity in improving the psychological well-being of adolescents. Religiosity is a condition, understanding and obedience of a person in believing in a religion that is manifested in the appreciation of values so as to encourage someone to behave according to religious teachings in everyday life. This condition of religiosity is explored through the dimensions of ideology, ritual, appreciation, intellectual, and experience. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of religiosity on the psychological well-being of adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study uses quantitative methods with measuring tools of religiosity and psychological well-being. From the data processing, it was found that there was a significant positive relationship between religiosity and psychological well-being (r = .635, p = .000, p < .001). The higher the religiosity, the higher the psychological well-being, and vice versa, the lower the religiosity, the lower the psychological well-being. Through the regression test of religiosity on psychological well-being, the results obtained were r2 = .403, p = .000, p < .001. This means that there is a contribution of religiosity to psychological well-being of 40.3%, and there are other factors of 59.7% that affect psychological well-being.The results of this study contribute to research in the psychology of religion and clinical psychology, especially in an effort to increase the role of religiosity in promoting psychological well-being

 

Pandemi Covid-19 telah membawa dampak psikologis yang cukup serius bagi masyarakat termasuk kaum remaja. Kaum remaja yang menjadi generasi penerus dan harapan bangsa mengalami masalah psikologis seperti cemas, depresi, stres yang tentu akan mempengaruhi kesejahteraan psikologisnya (psychological well-being). Kesejahteraan psikologis adalah situasi dimana seseorang mengalami penilaian positif terhadap diri sendiri, memiliki makna, tujuan dan otonomi hidup. Maka kepedulian kepada kaum remaja amat dibutuhkan untuk menjaga kelangsungan masa depan bangsa. Untuk membangun kesejahteraan psikologis kaum remaja perlu memperhatikan aspek religiositasnya. Penelitian ini hendak membahas peran religiositas dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan psikologis kaum remaja. Religiositas adalah suatu keadaan, pemahaman dan ketaatan seseorang dalam menyakini suatu agama yang terwujud dalam penghanyatan nilai sehingga mendorong seseorang berperilaku sesuai ajaran agama dalam hidup sehari-hari. Kondisi religiositas ini didalami melalui dimensi ideologis, ritual, penghanyatan, intelektual, dan pengalaman. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peran religiositas terhadap kesejahteraan psikologis kaum remaja di masa pandemi Covid-19. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan alat ukur religiositas dan kesejahteraan psikologis. Dari pengolahan data diperoleh hasil bahwa ada hubungan signifikan positif antara religiositas dan kesejahteraan psikologis (r = .635, p = .000, p < .001). Semakin tinggi religiositas maka semakin tinggi juga kesejahteraan psikologisnya, demikian juga sebaliknya makin rendah religiositas akan membuat semakin rendah juga kesejahteraan psikologisnya. Melalui uji regresi religiositas terhadap kesejahteraan psikologis diperoleh hasil sebesar r2 = .403, p = .000, p < .001. Artinya ada sumbangan religiositas terhadap kesejahteraan psikologis sebesar 40,3%, dan masih ada faktor lain sebesar 59,7% yang mempengaruhi kesejahteraan psikologis. Hasil penelitian ini berkontribusi pada penelitian psikologi agama dan psikologi klinis khususnya dalam upaya meningkatkan peran religiositas dalam memajukan kesejahteraan psikologis.

Keywords

religiosity; psychological well-being; teenagers; pandemic era; religiositas; kesejahteraan psikologis; kaum remaja; era pandemi

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