RANCANG BANGUN SISTEM MONITORING AIR IRIGASI BERBASIS INTERNET OF THINGS PADA POMPA AIR BERTENAGA SURYA

Muhammad Afnan Habibi, Bagus Prastyo, Aldo Zulfikar Asror Zulkarnain, Faj'run Ni'am, Bunga Hidayati
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Abstract

Agriculture is the main and fundamental activity on this earth. However, the agricultural sector has not contributed significantly to the mitigation of natural disasters such as loss of biodiversity, migration of watercourses, lack of clean water, and drought. Based on the results of the population census in the last 10 years, Indonesia's population growth rate reaches 1.25% every year. The consequence of the current phenomenon is the scarcity of food and the shrinking of the people's economic condition. The limited availability of irrigation water is a major agricultural problem experienced by the Tawang Makmur Farmers Group (KTTM). Several solutions have been implemented such as scheduling the opening of drainage channels provided by the village and renting diesel pumps on a regular basis. But in fact, these solutions have not been able to properly address the problems experienced by KTTM. So this paper offers a solar-powered photovoltaic (PV) water pump irrigation system that is integrated with the Internet of Things. Since 1970, PV has become an alternative that is often applied to agricultural irrigation systems in rural areas. The system built in this paper utilizes solar power as a power source that supplies water pumps. The Internet of Things is integrated into the system, enabling farmers to monitor and control agricultural areas in real-time and wirelessly through an adequate internet network.

 

 

Pertanian merupakan aktifitas pokok nan fundamental di bumi ini. Akan tetapi, sektor pertanian belum memberikan kontribusi secara signifikan mengenai mitigasi bencana alam seperti kehilangan keragaman hayati, migrasi aliran air, kekurangan air bersih, dan kekeringan. Berdasarkan hasil sensus penduduk dalam 10 tahun terakhir, laju pertumbuhan penduduk Indonesia mencapai 1.25% dalam setiap tahunnya. Konsekuensi dari fenomena yang terjadi saat ini adalah kelangkaan bahan pangan dan penyusutan kondisi ekonomi rakyat. Ketersediaan air irigasi yang terbatas menjadi masalah besar pertanian yang dialami oleh Kelompok Tani Tawang Makmur (KTTM). Beberapa solusi telah diterapkan seperti penjadwalan pembukaan saluran drainase yang disediakan oleh pihak desa, dan menyewa pompa diesel secara berkala. Namun faktanya, solusi tersebut belum mampu mengatasi permasalahan yang dialami oleh KTTM secara tepat. Sehingga makalah ini menawarkan sistem irigasi pompa air photovoltaic (PV) bertenaga surya yang terintegrasi dengan Internet of Things. Sejak tahun 1970, PV telah menjadi alternatif yang sering diterapkan pada sistem irigasi lahan pertanian daerah pedesaan. Sistem yang dibangun pada makalah ini memanfaatkan tenaga surya sebagai sumber daya yang menyuplai pompa air. Internet of Things yang diintegrasikan pada sistem, memungkinkan para petani untuk melakukan monitoring dan kontrol terhadap area pertanian secara real-time dan nirkabel melalui jaringan internet yang memadai.

Keywords

Internet of Things; Irrigation Monitoring; Rural Agriculture; Photovoltaic; Electric Water Pump Monitoring Irigasi; Pertanian Pedesaan; Photovoltaic; Pompa Air Listrik

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