ASUPAN GIZI SEIMBANG TINGKATKAN IMUNITAS TUBUH SAAT PANDEMI COVID-19

Alexander Halim Santoso, Sung Chian
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Abstract

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the Coronavirus of the genus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Human Corona virus (SARS-HCoV). Transmission of this disease occurs through close contact, especially through respiratory droplets when the patient coughs or sneezes. Most people with this disease recover spontaneously, but some experience a fatal worsening including organ failure, septic shock, pulmonary edema, severe pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Breaking the chain of transmission is the key to stopping the spread of this disease. The World Health Organization, WHO, said that there are three things that can be done to prevent the spread of this disease, namely by keeping a distance, not being in a closed room, and limiting mobilization (not gathering). Increasing body immunity by implementing a clean and healthy lifestyle (PHBS) such as consuming balanced nutrition, physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day, adequate rest, utilizing traditional health are part of disease prevention measures. Changes in the learning system during the pandemic made students easily exposed to various incorrect information. Efforts are needed to explain to students to increase students' awareness of the Covid-19 disease and its prevention steps


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) merupakan penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh virus Coronavirus dari genus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Human Coronarvirus (SARS-HCoV). Penularan penyakit ini terjadi kontak erat terutama melalui droplets saluran napas saat penderita batuk atau bersin. Sebagian besar penderita penyakit ini sembuh secara spontan, namun beberapa mengalami perburukan yang fatal mencakup gagal organ, syok septik, edema paru-paru, pneumonia berat dan sindrom gagal napas akut (acute respiratory distress syndrome/ARDS). Pemutusan rantai penularan merupakan kunci untuk menghentikan penyebaran penyakit ini. Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia, WHO, menyampaikan ada tiga hal yang dapat dilakukan untuk mencegah penyebaran penyakit ini yaitu dengan menjaga jarak, tidak berada dalam ruangan tertutup, dan membatasi mobilisasi (tidak berkumpul). Meningkatkan daya tahan tubuh dengan menerapkan pola hidup bersih sehat (PHBS) seperti mengonsumsi gizi seimbang, beraktivitas fisik minimal 30 menit sehari, istirahat yang cukup, memanfaatkan kesehatan tradisional merupakan bagian dari langkah-langkah pencegahan penyakit. Perubahan sistem pembelajaran selama Pandemi berlangsung membuat siswa mudah terpapar dengan berbagai informasi yang tidak benar. Diperlukan upaya penjelasan pada para siswa untuk meningkatkan kesadaran para siswa terhadap penyakit Covid-19 dan langkah-langkah pencegahannya.

Keywords

Covid-19; immunity; prevention; balanced diet; imunitas; pencegahan; gizi seimbang

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References

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