Perekrutan Praktisi Hubungan Masyarakat dalam Kajian Teori Feminis dan Velvet Ghetto

Deborah N Simorangkir

Abstract


One main issue found in gender research studies on public relations is the small number of women who hold a leadership role. However, this fact does not only apply to the public relations inudstry, but almost all industries. The purpose of this article is to analyze the prblem within the recruitment process of PR practitioners from the point of view of the senior practitioners. In order to achieve this, focus group discussions were conducted with senior PR practitioners who are members of a PR professional association. Data gatheredwere analyzed from the perspective of feminist theories and The Velvet Ghetto. Based on the discussions, two conclusions were made. First, That the public relations profession is an ‘open profession’, which means that it should be open for, a) men and women, b) all ages, c) all backgrounds and disciplines. Second, that statistically and universally, a) PR education appears to be more attractive to women compared to men, b) overall, there are more female PR practitioners than males, however, c) at the senior, top management positions in large companies, beit national or international, male practitioners are dominant. The researcher concludes that there needs to be an attempt to increase the status of the PR profession in the society, and strive to achieve gender equity in reaching top management. The researcher suggests for colaborations to be held between three parties, namely: Higher education institutions, professional associations, and industries. Such colaborations can be in the form of mentorships between a beginner and a manager; career counselling; and workshops. Companies are also advised to establish policies, e.g. flextime, and offer facilities, e.g., daycares, that would enable women to pursue a career.  

 

 

Salah satu pokok permasalahan yang ditemukan dalam studi gender humas adalah sedikitnya perempuan yang memegang peran kepemimpinan. Namun, fakta ini tidak semata-mata terjadi di industri humas, melainkan di hampir semua industri.Tujuan dari artikel ini adalah untuk menganalisa permasalahan yang ada pada proses perekrutan praktisi hubungan masyarakat (humas) dalam sudut pandang praktisi senior. Untuk mencapai tujuan ini maka diadakan diskusi kelompok terarah dengan praktisi senior humas yang tergabung dalam sebuah asosiai profesi humas sebagai peserta. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa dari sudut pandang teori feminis dan velvet ghetto. Berdasarkan diskusi tersebut dapat diambil dua kesimpulan. Pertama, Bahwa profesi humas adalah ‘profesi terbuka’, yang berarti, a) baik pria dan perempuan, b) tanpa batasan usia, c) dari latar belakang dan disiplin apapun, tidak hanya komunikasi yang bisa memasuki profesi humas. Kedua, Bahwa secara statistik dan secara universal a) pendidikan humas lebih banyak memikat perempuan daripada laki-laki, b) perempuan praktisi humas jumlahnya melebihi praktisi pria, tetapi c) posisi-posisi senior, pada posisi top pada perusahaan-perusahaan besar, baik itu nasional atau internasional, didominasi oleh praktisi pria. Penulis menyimpulkan bahwa perlu adanya upaya untuk meningkatkan derajat profesi humas di mata masyarakat, dan juga mengupayakan agar adanya keseteraan gender dalam meniti karir humas sampai ke tingkat top management. Penulis mengusulkan adanya kerjasama antara tiga pihak yaitu instansi pendidikan tinggi, asosiasi profesi, dan industri. Kerjasama tersebut dapat berupa mentorship antara praktisi pemula dengan praktisi manager; konseling karir; dan loka karya. Perusahaan juga dihimbau untuk memberlakukan kebijakan yang memudahkan perempuan untuk berkarir, seperti flextime dan pengadaan penitipan anak (daycare).


Keywords


Public Relations; feminist theory; velvet ghetto;hubungan masyarakat; teori feminis

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